African American culture is to be defined as language, music, religion, food, dance and art. Black culture is the roots of a black brother and a black sister. Black Culture is literature. Frederick Douglass an African American narrator and author of the novel Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass define black culture through his writings from being born as a slave to being a free man. Although Douglass’s life was a life of a struggling slave and experience James Olney’s 12 points literature I Was Born :Slave Narratives , Douglass shows his readers that he made himself become a free man. Freedom isn't something that is given to, it's something one must search for themselves. His persistence in learning, Christian faith, and self- confidence in search of his freedom, symbolizes that being free is every individual's value in a modern society. Fredrick Douglass’s determination to educate himself was the beginning step in becoming a free man. Hugh Auld’s (Douglass owner) wife Sophia treated Douglass with kindness and affection. She also educated him with reading lessons, until Mr. Auld prohibited her to teach. His freedom started when he made a choice to continue to teach his own self to read and write. "Whilst I was saddened by the thought of the aid of my kind mistress was gladdened by the invaluable instruction which, by the merest accident had gained from my master… through conscious of difficulty of learning without a teacher, I set out with high hope, and a fixed purpose, at whatever cost trouble, to learn how to read” (p.36). Although it was difficult for Douglass to educate himself he does learn the significance of freedom which is “knowledge is the key power in being free”. Having an education to read and write gave him a sense of individuality. Given the fact slaves were not allowed to learn any reading or writing, Douglass realize education was the pathway from a slave to free man. "The white man's power to enslave the black man. . . ....
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