Affirmative Action in Higher Education
Affirmative action should not be aloud in public education. Admission into higher education facilities should be based upon an individuals academic performance, not on race or gender. At certain colleges, a high percentage of undergraduate admission decisions are based upon race. While some students who exceed admission requirements are rejected from these higher education facilities because they are not of ethnic decent. Colleges have also based admission decisions on gender. Although some would defend that basing admissions on race or gender encourages a diverse campus, which in turn makes for a better quality education, being fair to all students, no matter what they look like, should be the bottom line.
Many programs within colleges have been judged as unfair and unjust due to their affirmative action programs. “Professor Richard H. Sander from University of California, Los Angeles, conducted a study that tests a thesis: Affirmative action actually depresses the number of African American lawyers, because many African American students end up attending law schools that are too difficult for them, and perform badly” (Liptak). Attending law schools that are too difficult for an individual, as a result of affirmative action programs, is not limited to African Americans. If an individual is accepted to a prestigious college, one would assume that this individual would do their best to graduate.
Receiving the best education is understandably desirable, no matter what race an individual may be. “If African American law students were accepted to lesser law school under race-blind admissions, Professor Sander writes, they would receive better grades and pass the bar in greater numbers” (Liptak). Race does not determine intelligence or what college an individual should attend. Rather than color of skin, admittance into college should be based upon academic performance, which ultimately means the drive and desire of the individual.
If everyone was given the same opportunity to enter law school, without race or gender taken into consideration, individuals would be properly placed into schools, according to academic capability, as it should be. “Even accounting for the many African American students who could not attend any law school without affirmative action, the ultimate number of African American lawyers would still increase, he concludes” (Liptak). Being placed into a school with the help of an affirmative action program, that is academically too difficult, would only hurt the student in the end.
It makes more sense to match students with schools academically better fit, giving better opportunity to graduate. “Professor Sander concedes that fourteen percent fewer African American students would enter law school without preferences. But because more of those who do get in would get good grades at schools that are better suited to them, more would graduate, he said, yielding eight percent more African American lawyers” (Liptak).
Having a more diverse student population is a better learning experience to students, for reasons such as culture and various point of views, but is not essential for a quality education. “In the Supreme court in the case of Gutter v. Bollinger, the Court said it was constitutional to consider race in admissions decisions in order to achieve the educational benefits of a diverse student body. In stark contrast, the Court struck down in Gratz v. Bollinger the University of Michigan’s undergraduate admissions policy on the grounds that too much of the decision was based on race” (Deardoff). It is understandable that a diverse student body can be of benefit to every school, but the fact that it stops some students from attending a school they have academically worked hard to get into, does not seem constitutional.
To consider the idea that students of Caucasian decent could not get the same education because they simply did not have more of a diverse...
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