There are many similarities and differences between the adult and juvenile justice systems. Siegel and Welsh, (2008 p. 272), states that, “the components of the adult and the juvenile criminal processes are similar, but the juvenile system has a separate organizational structure.” There are more differences than there are similarities, but only because the juvenile system is there to rehabilitate the child and not punish them. The adult system is aimed at “punishing the guilty”, (Siegel, Welsh, 2008, p. 275). The juvenile system is very lenient on the offenders, but there are also significant similarities within the two systems. Juveniles are divided into delinquents and status offenders, adults are considered criminals.
The most important similarity is that both the juvenile and adult systems have the right to have Miranda warnings. Juveniles didn’t have these rights in the nineteenth century. Now they are protected by the Fourth, Fourteenth and the Fifth Amendments. Juveniles have limited rights against unreasonable searches; adults are covered with almost all unreasonable searches. Both systems have the right against self incrimination. They both have the right to an attorney. Although these rights are limited for juveniles, this is a step up from not being protected by the law at all.
Analysis Essay 3
Adults are assumed innocent until proven guilty. For juveniles, guilt and innocence are not primary issues. The system focuses on the best interest of the child. Children can get rights to treatment for their behavior, but adults do not have the right to treatment. Juvenile procedures want to protect and treat the child. With adults, the main concern is to punish them for what they’ve done wrong and try to reform them. Juveniles can’t get sentenced to jail or prison because they are reserved for adults. These differences focus on the brain function of the offender. Most states have an...