# Action Research Project for Reading

Topics: Reasoning, Inference, Logic Pages: 7 (2118 words) Published: May 23, 2012
PHASE 3, PART 1
A) Restatement of problem
The problem stated in the Action Research Project was that 66% of third grade students lack the ability to draw conclusions and make inferences to answer comprehension questions correctly. This was evident by the state reading test scores, specifically the inference test given by their teacher. This indicated a need for increased student achievement in making inferences and drawing conclusions. Third grade students were not proficient at making inferences to gain a deeper understanding of the texts read and thus answer open ended questions correctly. Therefore, they did not get all the inference based comprehension questions correct based on the end of grade test scores that these third grade students are required to take. This indicated a need for additional support making inferences through direct instruction, peer discussion and independent practice in the classroom setting. Students had previously been taught how to make inferences through discussion and worksheets.

B) Review of main strategies

C) Description of post implementation data collection tools
Post implementation, the teacher used a variety of tools to test the effectiveness of the ARP. Students took a teacher created “Inference Assessment” (Appendix A, p. 7) that consisted of two reading passages and ten short answer questions. The students had to read each short story and then answer five questions based on each story. The questions to the answers had to be inferring from the short passages. Students needed to get eight of the ten questions correct to receive a passing score. The assessment was scored by hand and scores were recorded as a percentage.

The class completed a “Charles Assessment” (Appendix B, p. 8) Students had to read a short story by Shirley Jackson entitled “Charles,” and answer several questions and write a short essay based on their interpretation of the story. Their interpretation of what they read showed how well they were able to infer what the story was about. Students had to complete the various questions and tasks to the best of their ability based on their interpretation of the story. Students’ answers were scored based on their vocabulary answers, ability to create an...