VU LESSON # 1
ACCOUNTING FOR INCOMPLETE RECORDS 1. Introduction This topic is also known as Single Entry System of Accounting. In this chapter we will learn how an accountant prepares financial statements of those organizations which are not keeping up proper double entry book keeping system of accounting. From accounting system stand point, business organizations can be classified into three broad categories: 1.1 Small scale business entities These consist of very small sized business entities like; barber shop, mutton shop, washer man, general store, electrician etc. etc. 1.2 Medium scale business entities These consist of medium sized business entities like; drycleaner, motor car dealers, house building contractors, schools etc. etc. 1.3 Large scale business entities These consist of large sized business entities like; importers/exporters, motor car manufactures, transporters etc. etc. Here it must be made clear that large scale business entities have these much resources with them that these can easily afford a systematic accounts department where they will be following the double entry book keeping system. Moreover, most of these concerns are incorporated bodies and these have to maintain systematic accounting records in order to fulfill requirements of the Companies Ordinance 1984 and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). 2. Accounting for Small scale business entities Small scale business entities are often single owner organizations (Sole proprietorship). These are very small in size and can not really run an accountants department in their organizations. They have a very little setup in which a sole trader is acting so many rolls; he/she is the sales manager, and also the purchase manager, also responsible for marketing and accounts matters as well. A sole proprietor is also concerned about financial performance (profitability) and financial position of the organization, which can make him/her... [continues]
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