Account for the Variables Which Precipetated the Collapse of the First Republic (1960 - 1966) Evaluate the Presence of Those Variables in the Present Democratic Dispensation and State the Consequences

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TERM PAPER

TOPIC:

ACCOUNT FOR THE VARIABLES WHICH PRECIPETATED THE COLLAPSE OF THE FIRST REPUBLIC (1960 - 1966) EVALUATE THE PRESENCE OF THOSE VARIABLES
IN THE PRESENT DEMOCRATIC DISPENSATION
AND STATE THE CONSEQUENCES

WRITTEN BY

MKPA, PRINCE IYANAM
PRGM: M.Sc PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
REG NO. 10/PG/SS/PA/001
DEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE
AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
UNIVERSITY OF UYO

SUBMITTED TO

DR. FRAK, O. E.
COURSE LECTURER
DEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE
AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
UNIVERSITY OF UYO, UYO.

IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE COURSE REQUIREMENT:
NIGERIA GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS (POL 618)

JULY, 2011

BACKGROUND
Before the arrival of the British colonial masters, what is today known as Nigeria was made up of various kingdoms, empires and communities that lived separately from one another with their diverse forms of traditional authority and ways of lives (Frank, 2009).

The coming of the Britains in their conquering mood witnessed the forceful pulling down of the empires and kingdoms, and through the inimical act of amalgamation, the diverse kingdoms and empires were merged without laying the proper foundation for the various groups to co-exist in harmony. By January 1, 1914, the British government through the help of the then governor general in person of Lord Lugard had only succeeded in creating one antagonistic and atomistic entity called “Nigeria”. The North, South and Western regions as the country was later divided into by the Richards constitution of (1946) saw the curious and troubled people discharging their loyalties and attentions to their various regions while they cared less about the fictitious entity called Nigeria. Not even the struggle towards independence could bind and create unity among the people. While the British kept on setting policies and programmes that will help them realize their goals on a monumental scale, the various regions were watching and protested where need be. On the other hand, tireless effort was ethnically and regionally made to out-play one another in the scheme of things through various unappealing means which include threat to secede amongst others.

In the midst of distrust, political squabbles and carefree attitude towards unity and peace by the various regions, not excluding the political gimmick that was factored by the Britains, political independence was granted to Nigeria on October 1, 1960.

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Having come from diverse cultural background and traditional political institutions, the various ethnic groups were forcefully merged by the British colonial authority with little or no recourse to their background. The forceful bringing together of the diverse groups without recourse to their divergent nature and the need to strike an agreement amongst the people by way of consultation and deliberation on how to live their new found live led to distrust, hatred and disunity amongst them. This further encouraged ethnic and regional cleavages among the people which probably set them antagonistically against one another. In other words, the concept of nation-building which would have created trust and unity thereby giving everyone a true sense of belonging in the Nigeria project was out rightly absent and misplaced, and that precipitated the negative political, economic and social variables which led to the fall of Nigeria’s first republic.

In the circumstance, effort will be geared towards answering the following questions in the course of this work: (i)What were the variables that accounted for the collapse of the first republic? (ii)Are the same variables present in the current democratic dispensation? (iii)What consequences do they pose if they are?

(iv)How can the variables be reduced to a bearable minimum if not done away with?

DEFINITION OF...
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