Abortion Thesis

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Abortion is a totally unacceptable, cruel and unethical practice and

should be considered illegal except under some special cases and medical

circumstances that indicate a danger to the mother. Our judicial system

must consider the ethical and moral aspects of abortion as an intrinsic

part of the problem when approaching this social issue. The recent banning

of the partial birth abortion is a huge stride in the positive direction.


Abortion is the one of the most debated social issues of this

century. The controversy as to the right that man has over the life of a

baby in the fetus and in controlling its entry into the world is a much-

debated topic. Abortion is the process of putting an end to the life of the

baby by killing it in the womb itself. This social issue assumes all the

more importance given the fact that an astounding 1.7 million people have

abortions every year in the United States alone. There is much debate that

the procedure, which was initially indicated as a life saving method, is

today misused to suit the whims and fancies of the people. Let us analyze

the ethical and moral and medical aspects of abortion in a little detail.

The Legal Battle -Row Vs Wade

Row Vs Wade was an important landmark case in American legal history.

It happened when Norma McCorvey, (under the name of Jane Roe) a 25 year old

woman challenged the Texas laws which regarded abortion as criminal.

McCovery was denied an abortion in 1969 and was forced to give birth to her

third child. (Which she attributed to be a consequence of rape and later

claimed to be a false testimony). However Sarah Weddington, an attorney

from Dallas took her case in 1973. This time they successfully argued that

the anti abortion law was an infringement of the women's personal rights

and defeated the Texas government attorney Henry Wade. [Frank Beckwith]

The outcome of this case marked a great victory for the women's rights

movement as for the first time in the United States abortion was made a

legal medical option out of pregnancy. By a majority of seven to two the

justice bench ruled that the government did not have any control over the

reproductive rights of women. Citing the fourteenth amendment of the

constitution, which expounds the freedom of personal and family affairs,

the judiciary ratified the decision to abort the child as a personal choice

and freedom of the mother. However this decision is still viewed as a

highly controversial one. The judges also defined the time period

(trimesters) within which abortion is legal. Abortion within the first

trimester was made legal throughout the United States while abortions in

the second trimester were regulated. The judgement also ruled out abortions

in the last trimester except under critical medical conditions. However

there are lot of controversies regarding the misuse of the provision.

We need to understand the viewpoints of the two opposing groups in

discussing the ethics of abortion. The main issue under question is the

right of women as against the moral and ethical implications of killing a

baby, which cannot even pray. Though these two groups have a totally

different outlook and approach to the issue there are some general cases

where there seems to be a general agreement over the abortion option. Let

us look briefly into the views of these two rival groups so that we can

understand their stance better before taking our stand on this issue.

Pro-Choice (Women's rights)

Ever since the women's rights movement gained force the pro-choice

group has argued for abortion as a rightful choice. Abortion is perceived

as an option that empowers women with the right to exercise her choice to

prevent unwanted pregnancy. The result of the Row Vs Wade case added

impetus to the Pro-choice group. The main...
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