303q

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1) “Leaders inhabit a bubble of power, and they are both mentally and physically cut off from the reality most people would recognize. In the context of this article, “the reality most people would recognize” is the imperative, if they witness improper or unlawful behaviour, to tell the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth. This author explains why leaders resist the imperative and how they – and we – can avoid the temptation.” (abstract to article) Heffernan lists eight reasons “why we don’t see what we most need to notice.” Identify and give a brief description of each of those eight reasons. (4 mark) 1. The first reason is that we are blinded by money. What you reward for influences how people behaviour, this will lead people to lose sight of what is right or wrong. Moreover, Evidence has shown that the more you get bonuses the blinder you become. 2. The second reason is that we blind to the facts. When we respect or love someone, we will try to ignore or discount their real fault rather than sway from our point of view. 3. The third reason is obedience to authority. Because leaders are successful in the past, they will be more certain of their decision and more optimistic than others. Furthermore, our willingness to have a blind eye is partly driven by our learned response to obey authority figures. 4. The fourth reason is fragmenting. An organization is increasing complex and interrelated; no one can see the whole and understands all aspects. So the organization will be blind to the consequences of its decisions. 5. The fifth reason is the power of group. If we try to stay inside the group and not reject, this will lead to high compliance even though it sometime crosses our moral boundaries. When we are in a group, we will unconsciously take on the group’s value. 6. The sixth reason is fear. People all fear changes because they don’t want to provoke conflict and become a troublemaker. Especially, when they don’t know how to resolve that or...
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