2001 Gujarat Earthquake

Topics: Earthquake, Bhuj, Gujarat Pages: 7 (2198 words) Published: August 28, 2010
2001 Gujarat earthquake
The 2001 Gujarat earthquake occurred on January 26, 2001, at 03:17 UTC, and coincided with the 51st celebration of India's Republic Day. The location of the epicentre was Bhuj (23.6° N 69.8° E) Gujarat, India. With a moment magnitude (Mw) of between 7.6 and 8.1, the quake killed more than 20,000 people and injured another 167,000 and destroyed near a million homes throughout Gujarat and parts of eastern Pakistan.[3] The earthquake is considered an intraplate earthquake because it occurred a great distance from any plate boundary, where the theory of plate tectonics says most earthquakes of this size happen. Because of this, this area was not well prepared for an earthquake of such size. The event was the result of stored energy in a collision margin, which describes when two continental plates collide and begin to rub, creating pressure, until the energy is released in an quake. The Effects

Because of it size and location, the quake was very destructive in terms of lives lost and damage to property. As many as 20,000 people were reported dead, and 166,000 injured. All the deaths occurred in India's western state of Gujarat, near the Pakistan border. The final death toll of Kutch was 12,220. Bhuj, situated only 20 kilometres (14 miles) from the epicentre, was the most devastated town. Overall, over a million structures were damaged or destroyed, including many historic buildings and tourist attractions.

The quake destroyed around 90% of the homes in Bhuj, eight schools, and flattened two hospitals. It partly destroyed the historic Swaminarayan temple in the city. Considerable damage also occurred in Bhachau. It also destroyed 4 km of road in Bhuj. In Ahmedabad, Gujarat's commercial capital and a city of 4.6 million population, as many as 50 multi storied buildings collapsed and several hundred people were killed. Total property damage was estimated at $5.5 billion and rising. The quake destroyed 75% of Kutch District, and over 80% of usable food and water supplies. The district collector Anil Mukim oversaw the early delivery of aid and equipment to affected villages but then called for further aid deliveries to cease as they encouraged a "relief mentality" which would delay a return to normal life.[5] In the history of natural calamities, the 2001 Gujarat Earthquake was the most devastating in India. The 2001 Gujarat Earthquake took place at a distance of 20 kilometers from Bhuj, Gujarat, and was scaled as 6.9 on the Richter scale.

The 2001 Gujarat Earthquake took place on the 26th January when the Republic Day celebration was going on. It was reported that around 19,727 people were killed and more than 166,000 thousand people were injured. Beside these, the 2001 Gujarat Earthquake rendered 600,00 people homeless, with 348,000 houses destroyed and nearly 844,000 houses damaged.

Talking about other resources, about 20,000 cattle were killed. It was estimated that the government had to bear a loss of about 1.3 billion dollars; other losses indicate losses as high as 5 billion dollars.

The 2001 Gujarat Earthquake, as the reports say, was an intra-plate earthquake which took place due to the collision of the tectonics plates. The worst effected areas of the 2001 Gujarat Earthquake were: Kutch: Bhuj , Anjar , Bhachau , Rapar , Gandhidam ,

Ahmedabad: Ahmedabad city ,
Rajkot: Morvi
Jamnagar: Jodiya , Dhrol

The news of the 2001 Gujarat Earthquake spread like bonfire. The some immediate steps were taken by the Gujarat Government, like: the Cabinet Secretary activated Crisis Management Group to move men, relief materials and other necessary stuffs to the most affected areas. The adjoining states of Rajasthan and Maharashtra were asked to contribute towards the cause of 2001 Gujarat Earthquake. Hindusthan Zinc Limited, Udaipur, IFFCO and KRIBHCO were also asked to provide to the victims. National Disaster Management was activated.

Cabinet Secretary was asked to respond to the emergency....
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