1984 by George Orwell
The novel 1984 by George Orwell is considered to be one of the most famous novels of the negative Utopian, or dystopian genre. This novel was majorly written to warn the readers the dangers of totalitarian government in the West. There are three themes that fit the novel; danger of totalitarianism, technology, and psychological manipulation. These themes make the novel of 1984 more comprehensive. Each of this themes give an effect to society.
One of the theme I’ll like to talk about first is the danger of totalitarianism. This danger was mostly strong in the Western side of Europe, especially governments in Spain and Russia. Orwell was thinking in alarming Western nations that were still unsure about how to continue the rise of communism. However, in 1949, many Americans supported communism. In the American press, the Soviet Union was often seen as great experiment. Orwell shows the perfect totalitarian society example, which is the most extreme realization imaginable of a modern day government with absolute power. For example, Adolf Hitler once had complete control over his nation during World War I. As a comparison to the book, Big Brother is the ruler of the society and the people. The title of the novel was meant to indicate the readers in 1949 that the story represented a possibility for the near future. However, this novel is still classic up till today.
The second theme I’ll like to talk about is technology. Technology back in times wasn’t as great as it is today. In the novel, they had telescreens and hidden microphones across the city, the Party was able to monitor its members almost all the time. This means that there wasn’t any place to hide. In addition, the Party adds mechanism to take control on economic production and sources of information. These mechanisms were fearsome machinery to increase torture upon the enmities. This means that you ought to follow Big Brother unconditionally, if you...