White Paper for The Institute for Fraud Prevention
Conan C. Albrecht Marriott School of Management Brigham Young University firstname.lastname@example.org
Fraud and Forensic Accounting In a Digital Environment
ABSTRACT This paper discusses four aspects of computeraided fraud detection that are of primary interest to fraud investigators and forensic accountants: data mining techniques for the detection of internal fraud, ratio analysis for the detection of financial statement fraud, the issues surrounding external information sources, and computer forensics during fraud investigations. It provides an informative background and then details the current status of research in each area. It describes what is currently unknown, and it proposes future research topics.
Keywords: Fraud, Computer Forensics, Proactive Fraud Detection, Digital Accounting
1 INTRODUCTION The modern digital environment offers new opportunities for both perpetrators and investigators of fraud. In many ways, it has changed the way fraud examiners conduct investigations, the methods internal auditors use to plan and complete work, and the approaches external auditors take to assess risk and perform audits. While some methods, such as online working papers, are merely computerized versions of traditional tasks, others, such as risk analysis based on neural networks, are revolutionizing the field. Many auditors and researchers find themselves working amid an everchanging workplace, with computerbased methods leading the charge. Perhaps the most difficult aspect to computerbased techniques is the application of a single term to a wide variety of methods like digital analysis, electronic evidence collection, data mining, and computer forensics. Indeed, computerbased fraud detection involves a plethora of different technologies, methodologies, and goals. Some techniques ...