Why did the U.S enter the Vietnam War?
Background: Much of Vietnam was occupied by France before ww2, but these French territories were lost during the War as the Japanese set up a puppet regime in this time. The French tried to regain their former territories around the Early 50s, but failed in their attempt as they were defeated by the Communist general Vo Nguyen Giap.
They left behind them a buffer zone splitting the North and South of Vietnam. After French troops had withdrawn the Vietnamese communists settled down in the north and in the south the self-proclaimed president, Ngo Dinh Diem had formed the Republic of Vietnam, the non communist part of the county. Civil War broke out as the communists in the North wanted to take over the entirety of Vietnam and create on singular communist state. They were assisted in their efforts by the communist Vietcong guerrilla fighters of the south. But what propelled the war was the support they gained from China and the Soviet Union. America’s involvement:
US involvement in the Vietnam War began in the early 1950’s a reaction to the communist victory in China .Washington decided to aid to the French to help defeat Ho Chi Minh’s communist let nationalist forces.
It was at this point that America began to fear the worst: communist world domination. Aware that China and the Soviet Union were supporting the already powerful communist takeover in Vietnam, during a civil war which put the nation in an even more vulnerable position, the U.S grew steadily more cautious. Due to the Soviet sphere of influence spreading to Eastern Europe, China and America’s backyard, Cuba, the U.S felt surrounded by the fear of increasing communism. America’s main reason for deciding to involve itself was due to it’s fear of communism or more specifically communism spreading throughout Asia and the rest of the world. Many have argued that they were simply following foreign policy aims as Truman Doctrine in March 1947 signalled...
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