Vocabulary Words American History

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Vocabulary
* Latitude: distance north or south of the equator.
* Longitude: distance east or west of the prime meridian. * Mercantilism: the way England made money off of the colonists. * Religious Toleration: The basic idea that a society should be tolerant (accepting) of all religious beliefs.

* Quarter: to provide with lodging or shelter.

* Loyalists: American colonists who remained loyal to Britain.

* Boycott: to refuse to buy items from a particular country.

* Patriots: American colonists who were determined to fight the British.

* Unalienable Rights: rights rights that cannot be surrendered.

* Minutemen: companies of civilian soldiers who boasted that they could be ready on minute’s notice.

* Militia: a group of civilians trained to fight in emergencies.

* Repeal: to cancel on act or law.

* Ratify: to approve.

* Representative government: a type of government in which citizens elect someone to vote for them on political issues.

* Constitutional Government: a government that is run by the rules set down in a specific plan.

* Plantation System: the large self-sufficient farms of the southern colonies that grew.

* Executive branch: the branch of government that enforces the law.

* Legislative branch: the branch of government that makes the laws.

* Judicial branch: the branch of government that judges the laws to be fair.

* Checks and balances: a system in which the three branches of government have the power to check, or control, the actions of the other branches.

* Separation of powers: system in which each branch of government has its own powers.

* Federalism: the sharing of power between the states and national government.

* Bill of rights: the 1st ten amendments to the US Constitution; a document that lists the freedoms a government promises to protect

* Amendment: a formal written change to a document.

* Federalist: someone who supported a strong national government and the Constitution.

* Anti-federalist: someone who opposed a strong national government, against the Constitution unless it included a bill of rights.

* Republic: nation in which voters choose representatives to make laws for them * Democracy: a form of government in which the people rule.

* Unicameral: a one-house legislature.

* Bicameral: a two-house legislature.

* Navigation Acts: a series of English laws to regulate trade between the mother country and her colonies.

* Charter: a document issued by a sovereign power granting certain rights or privileges to a group or individual.

* Colonization: the creation of colonies (settlements) to keep claim to land and make money for the mother country.

* Indentured Servant: a person that would sign a 5 to 10 year contract to be a servant in order to pay off debts or receive passage to the colonies.

* Cash Crop: a crop produced for its commercial value rather than for use by the grower.

* Self-determination: government of a political unit by its own people.

* Subsistence farming: is self-sufficiency farming in which the farmers focus on growing enough food to feed themselves and their families.

* Burgesses: a person with municipal authority or privileges, in particular.

* Limited government: a limited government is a government that cannot interfere with personal liberties and individual rights much because it is against the law.

* Unlimited government: is a government that has one dictator that makes up all the laws and the citizens have no power over the dictator.

Dates
* 1492: Christopher Columbus sailed the ocean to the new world * 1607: Jamestown, Virginia became the 1st successful English colony in the new world. * 1620: Plymouth, Massachusetts became the 2nd successful colony in the new world. * 1776: The declaration of independence was signed.

* 1787: The...
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