Us in World Affairs Note

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Rational Actor Model-look at the consequences and acts and makes decision accordingly. Doesn’t consider the political costs.

Political Actor Model-Rational decisions only based on how it is going to impact them politically

Organizational Actor Model- What are the decisions are going to impact the organization(what committee one might be on)

Elitist Actor Model-Elites making the decision that will benefit themselves and other elite's.(most prevalent model in our history)

Idiosyncratic Actor Model-Charismatic leader that had the power and leadership role to do it because he can.

Historiography-what historians have written.

The history of Southern distinctiveness

Geography- the 11 states that joined the confederacy during the civil war

The south has always been different


Lost cause myth- the civil war was a lost cause. Everything was working against the south. The South took pride in the Civil War because they were the under dogs. Had to justified the Civil War

Historical memory- collectively people remember history how it suits them

National Myths- the national norm

Shaping of the Solid South
I. Reconstruction
• Lincoln wanted to bring the victim

President Andrew Johnson
• Lincoln’s successor after his assassination
• Instill the loyalty on the South but don’t want to punish the South. • Rather than attempting to crushed the South
• Appoint provisioner governors
• Call constitutional conventions in Southern States
• By trying to instill loyalty it had the opposite effect. • Embolden Southern whites to bulk out against the 13th Amendment. Radical Republican Congressman Thaddeus Stevens
• Want the South to be punished and forcing things on them, then bring them back into the Union • Come up with the 14th and 15th Amendment
• 14th Amendment- Due Process, equality before the law
• 15th Amendment-Voting Rights for African Americans
• The Republican Party in the South (3 groups)
• Northern Whites(“carpetbaggers”)
• Freedmen’s Bureau
• Southern Unionists(“Scalawags”)
• African Americans
• Viewed as illegitament in the South
• Didn’t have the same views that the majority of the South • Invested in schools, railroads, and benefits for themselves Ku Klux Klan
• Pushing out of the
• by the early 1870s brought them out of the South
Phases of the KKK
• 1868-1871
• 1920s
• 1950s
Panic of 1873
• Republicans were blamed for the panic especially because they were in charged of the Federal Government 1874-1875 “White Line” Campaigns
• choose to vote between
• white supremacy
• Negro rule
• The sense in the Federal Government was sick of reconstruction • Republican votes went up in some Southern States because of the African American voters, The sense of intimidation • Southerners believed in the electoral process but did not want African Americans from voting. • They wanted to do whatever they could to stop the Republican party because they saw them as illegitament Rutherford B. Hayes

• Came to the presidency in the Compromise of 1877
• This election ended reconstruction in the South
II. Establishing Democratic Hegemony
• “Redeemers”
• Southern Republicans
• “Bourbons”People who didn’t learn anything
• Southern Democrats
• This is the beininning of one party rule.
• Until the 1960s held the Democratic Party held the steady South • The Republicans are not eliminated
Reasons why the Republican party is not eliminated
1. If they tried to take away African Americans, the government would notice 2. Persuade African Americans to vote for them
• There was no way that African American Republicans would vote for white supremacy. • Southern Politics was dominated by RACE!
Southern Democrats
• Limited government
• Low taxes
• Manipulated African American votes(Fraud)
• Make sure African American votes cannot hurt the Republic party • Procrustes-are acting like a one size fits all based on race • Race unites Southern...
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