Us History Chapter 3-4

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Mercantilism
oEconomic system used in 1500s to 1700s
oNation’s power was directly related to its wealth
Incentives
oMotivational factor
Balance of Trade
oRelationship between a country’s imports and exports
oCountry with favorable balance of trade makes money by exporting more products than imports •Navigation Acts
o1651 ~ 1663 by Parliament
oAll goods coming from Europe or Africa to colonies had to travel on British ships manned with British crew oColonies remained profitable
Goods must be carried in English ships
Captain and crew must be English
Everything shipped to colonies have to go through England so they can tax it •“Enumerated Articles” - Merchants have to pay tx, duty oEffects
Increased revenues
Increased costs of law enforcement in America
For colonists
Demand for ships stimulated certain industries
More English involvement in colonial affairs
Colonists smuggling goods
Refuse to pay taxes
Glorious Revolution
oNonviolent revolution
oBritain’s Parliament invited Mary and her husband to replace King James II •English Bill of Rights
oBy Parliament
oSet limits on monarch’s powers
oProtected freedom of speech; control of taxes
oEffect on colonist
Uprising; rebel
Confederation
oGroup where members keeps control of its own internal affairs oCooperate on issues: defense
Salutary Neglect
oIdea that colonies benefited by being left alone, w/o much British influence oImpact
Colonial gov. gain independence

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Triangular Trade
oTrading networks
oGoods and slaves moved among England, American colonies, Africa, West Indies oAfricans → sugar and molasses → rum
Middle Passage
oVoyage brought enslaved Africans across Atlantic Ocean to North American and West Indies •Cash Crops
oAgricultural products grown to be sold
oEx. Tabacco, Indigo, rice
oSouth: tar, rope, turpertine (maintain wooden ships)
Stono Rebellion
oRebellion by 100 enslaved African Americans in SC against southern planters

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Enlightenment (age of reason)
oMovement in Europe late 1600s
oPeople began to examine the natural world, society, and gov. •Social contract
oAgreement between a people and their gov. ruler
oStating if gov. didn’t protect citizens and their rights, they were justified in overthrowing it •Great Awakening
oReligious movement in American colonies 1730s ~ 1740s
Zenger case (John Peter Zenger)
oGot arrested because printing critical of NY gov.
oWon first important victory for freedom of press in American colonies

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French Indian War (know it!!!)
Iroquois League
oAn alliance of Native Americans
oAllied with Britain
Albany Plan of Union
oFirst plan for uniting the colonies
oProposed by Ben Franklin
Treaty of Paris
oEnded Seven Year’s War
oDivided land in NA between Britain, France, Spain
Pontiac’s Rebellion
oResisted Britain to take control
oFrench didn’t help
Proclamation of 1763
oLaw created by British officials
oProhibited colonists from settling in areas west of the Appalachian Mountains oGave British control of migration westward
oSlowed movement out of cities, which were centers of trade and prosperity

Chapter 4

4-1

During Boston tea party
oFrench & Indian War created tension between Britain and colonies •British treated them poorly
Didn’t like soldiers in their house
oParliament tried deny colonists access to western land with proclamation oThey thought they had the right because they helped defeat the French •Grenville
oPrime Minister
oDecided colonists should pay for troops; tax the colonies to raise money •Sugar Act
oPut tax on sugar and molasses
o*Imported from French and Spanish West Indies
oNorthern merchants didn’t like it
Feared tax would hurt rum industry because molasses used to make rum more expensive •Samuel Adams
oAmerican revolutionary led agitation leading to Boston Tea party oSigned...
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