Under Paris

Topics: Paris, Louis XVI of France, Catacombs Pages: 4 (742 words) Published: April 30, 2013
Paris Catacombs

Thursday, January 3, 2013

Where the Catacombs Are
Canals and Reservoirs, crypts and bank vaults, wine cellars, and night clubs Quarries were made up of old limestone and gypsum It is cool and dark in this tomb. Water droplets gleam on the ceiling, and the air smells of mold and damp earth Nearly 100 ft. underground with many stories

Thursday, January 3, 2013

Before becoming Illegal
Caverns and tunnels mined for the limestone and gypsum to build with Farmers raised mushrooms in them During WWII, French fighters hid in quarries and the Germans build bunkers in them Thursday, January 3, 2013

Since becoming Illegal
Became Illegal in 1955 Cataphiles tend to be younger Scene blossomed in 1970s and 1980s A lot easier to get to back then through school basements then crawl through tunnels filled with bones

Cataphiles had special places only they knew about in the catacombs threw parties, stages performance, created art, and took drugs

In the 80s the city and private owners shut down most entrances Elite police units patrol the tunnels

Thursday, January 3, 2013

Six million Parisians, 3x the population of the city above Skeletons exhumed from overcrowded cemeteries Recent: from French Revolution Older: from Merovingian Era, 1200 years ago

From Skeletons archaeologists can tell diseases, accidents, the food they ate, surgical practices, and many other stories just from their bones Thursday, January 3, 2013

Modern Paris sits atop limestone and gypsum tunnels Quarries used to lay beyond city limits until the city grew When a quarry was exhausted they stuffed it with rubble or abandoned it After all of the holes, major collapses began swallowing houses and people

King Louis XVI commissioned an architect to explore, map out, and stabilize the quarries When King Louis decided to empty packed cemeteries he told the architect, Charles Axel Guillaumot, to put the bones somewhere so...
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