Food: seeds, nuts, fruits, plants (gatherers)
Eventually: small to large game (hunters)
Hunting = working together, tools, and communication
Hunting = migration, move from Africa to Asia
Homo sapiens – 100,000 to 400,000 years ago first appear
What is the Neolithic Revolution?
Neolithic Revolution: agricultural revolution. The switch from hunting and gathering to farming.
Agriculture and life style change
Men = hunters
Women – take care of children, gather plants and fruit for food.
Knowledge that seeds = food = BREAKTHROUGH!!!!!
Raise wheat, rice, barely, millet
Domestication of animals
Leads to plow and fertilizers.
From hunter gatherers to food producing = Neolithic Agricultural Revolution
Causes of the Neolithic Revolution
Change in Climate
Drier land for farming
What does farming provide that hunting doesn’t?
Early Farming Methods
Ashes fertilize the soil
After a year or two move to another area of land.
Farming Develops in Many Places
Africa: Nile River Valley
India: Indus Valley
China: The Huang He River Valley
Mesopotamia: Fertile Crescent
Ch 1 Sec 2:
Where were these ancient civilizations?
Surplus of food meant people had more free time
Artisans (crafts people) created valuable new items (cloth, pottery)
Traders profited from a wider variety of goods to trade
People worked together to solve problems
build irrigation systems
create cities (urbanization)
Creation of cities leads to government
Some consider: calendar, tools, and writing/reading (education)
Social classes emerge
1.Concept of private property
Division of labor (specialized jobs)
Religion becomes more organized
Worshiping gods & goddesses,...