Thomas Hardy’s life can be divided into three phases. The first phase (1840-1870) embraces childhood, adolescence, apprenticeship, first marriage, early poems and his first unpublished novel. The second phase (1871-1897) is marked by intensive writing, which resulted in the publication of 14 novels and a number of short stories. In the third phase (1898-1928), the period of the writer’s rising fame, he abandoned writing novels and returned to poetry.
Thomas Hardy was an English poet and novelist, famous for his depictions of the imaginary county "Wessex” . He was born on 2 June 1840 .Hardy's work reflected his sense of tragedy in human life. He is considered by literary historians to be the most important late Victorian/ Edwardian poet,. In the beginning of his writing career, Hardy was regarded as a great novelist and short story writer. In 1898 Hardy published his first volume of poetry, Wessex Poems, a collection of poems written over 30 years. Hardy claimed poetry as his first love and after a great amount of negative criticism erupted from the publication of his novel Jude The Obscure, Hardy decided to give up writing novels permanently and to focus his literary efforts on writing poetry. After giving up the novel form, Hardy continued to publish poetry collections until his death in 1928. Although he did publish one last novel in 1897, that novel, The Well-Beloved, had actually been written prior to Jude the Obscure. Most of Hardy's poems, such as "Neutral Tones'" and "A Broken Appointment", deal with themes of disappointment in love and life ,which were also prominent themes in his novels , and mankind's long struggle against indifference to human suffering. A few of Hardy's poems, such as " The Blinded Bird", display his love of the natural world and his firm stance against animal cruelty.
"A Broken Appointment" was one of his most well-known poems. This poem is about the realities and ideals which can surround romantic love and rejection. He describes his thoughts as he waits for this woman who will never come. In “A Broken Appointment” the speaker addresses a woman who has left him waiting for her.
You did not come,
And marching Time drew on, and wore me numb.
Yet less for loss of your dear presence there
Than that I thus found lacking in your make
That high compassion which can overbear
Reluctance for pure loving kindness' sake
Grieved I, when, as the hope-hour stroked its sum,
You did not come.
Hardy begins the poem with a very powerful and definitive line, “You did not come.” His words reaches the reader and allows them to feel what he is feeling. It also shows that he has accepted this woman's lack of interest. Hardy describes his sadness at this revelation.
You love not me,
And love alone can lend you loyalty;
I know and knew it. But, unto the store
Of human deeds divine in all but name,
Was it not worth a little hour or more
To add yet this: Once you, a woman, came
To soothe a time-torn man; even though it be
You love not me.
Hardy highlights these lines, allowing the reader to feel just how rejected and abandoned the speaker feels. "A Broken Appointment" described the very sad and desperate situation of a man who wanted somebody to love.
(The rest of the lines are written in iambic pentameter. Although he sets these lines apart, the rhyme scheme of the poem (aabcbcaa eedfdfee) still manages to make it flow as a whole. There are also ideas within the poem which Hardy gives emphasis to by using consonance and alliteration.)
The Self –Unseeing and composed of three quatrains.
The major theme of the poem deals with the poet’s happy childhood that he spent in his parental home with his mother and father that had become, unfortunately, a history to recollect over the ruined house.
The poem opens in a ruined room with no door, the poet looks around him in the room and tries to recollect the places where his mother and father were sitting and the activities they were...
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