Thea104 Exam Review

Topics: The Myth of Sisyphus, Karl Marx, William Shakespeare Pages: 12 (2407 words) Published: May 14, 2013
THEA104 EXAM 2 Review


(1) What is bardolotry and what are some of the ways Shakespeare gets adapted today? - Bardolotry is the worshiping of Shakespeare. Shakespeare has a lasting impact. People are interested in the man and the mystique. 1) The Bard

a) William Shakespeare
i) The Bard – “He was not of an age but for all time” ii) Bardolatry – don’t read Webster or Marlowe but you are tormented with Shakespeare iii) Adaptation
1) Taking Shakespeare and making it into movie 2) Taking old Shakespeare and applying it to modern times b) Why?
i) Something about the man and the mystique
ii) Something about people who teach theater and English iii) Something about the characters
iv) Something about the stories
1) Where comedy, tragedy, history, or romance, they all have a lasting impact on how you feel a) Theatre should have a lasting impact

(2) What are the nineteenth-century cultural contexts that led up to modernity? a) The advent of modernity
i) Explosive scientific, technological, and organizational “growth” 1) Train travel
a) Increase circulation of things, people, ideas, concepts 2) Telegraph
a) Royal family
3) Printing press
a) Paperbacks
b) Pornography
b) Movement away from cottage industry with the industrial revolution and growth of global capitalism; movement from rural to urban i) loss of cultural continuity and gain of self-conception of “being modern”; 1) self-reflexive awareness

c) Rise of scientific positivism, philosophical materialism, psychology, and professionalism. i) Marx, Darwin, Freud
1) Professionalism – do something specific

(3) What writers from the nineteenth and twentieth century influenced playwrights and how have they influenced them? - The rise of scientific positivism, philosophical materialism, psychological and professionalism - Karl Marx – das kapital

- Charles Darwin – the origin of the species
- Sigmund Freud – the interpretation of dreams

(4) What are the consequences of those ninteenth-century contexts for the arts? o Modernity and the arts
o Final shift from the supernatural or spiritual to the scientific or humanistic o Rise of realism (fourth wall), determinism – products of ourselves, and psychological realism ▪ Ants share everything

▪ Don’t have to worry about mating
o Themes:
▪ Alienation (individualism): ‘either by the gun or by the sword, we all die the same way” ▪ Dramatic irony
▪ Subtext
• Ben in little foxes is gay
o Postmodern and the death of realism
▪ Modernism with an attitude problem/sense of humor ▪ Horrified and borderline complacent but dealing with it through snarkiness ▪ Best example:
• Jon Stewart and the Daily Show

(5) How does subtext affect our appreciation of modern plays? - Subtext is surface text, verbally said, stuff not said, but implied you can tell ▪ Subtext
• Ben in little foxes is gay

(6) What is Arthur Miller’s opinion of theatre today? (Interview) 1. What do they (big named playwrighters) share in common? a. A fierce moral sensibility
i. All burning with some anger with the way the world is 1. Little ones make peace
2. Bigger ones cant make peace
b. Not prepared to say its over but can repeat that the situation in theatre repels talent c. Blew the audience
i. Has become minimal
ii. Prices too high
iii. People who want to go...
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