What is it? Specific, religious description
Shahadah (testimony, oath)
(witness, to know and believe without suspicion)
Summary and declaration of Muslim faith
One enters Islamic faith when reciting the Kalima (statement of faith) "I bear witness that there is no other deity but, Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah" (in Arabic) Muslims recite the Kalima with understanding and full internal acceptance It is not sufficient for anyone to just recite these words but one should believe in it by heart with a firm conviction
Reciting the Kalima, they proclaim that :
1. Allah is the only God and Muhammad is his prophet;
2. accepts that this is true -> Should be constantly and consciously present in the heart of every muslim 3. and that they will obey all the commitments of Islam in their life
These words are the first words newborns hear, and the last words heard by the dying.
A Muslim lives with these sentences, hears them and utters them at least once every day
Part of the ritual prayer in the 2nd pillar of Islam
For sunni Muslims, it is the first of the five pillars of faith; while the Shi’a connects it to their lists of pillars of faith
The Shahadah has certain conditions that makes a person benefit from the Kalima (testimony of faith)
9 Conditions of the Shahadah:
having the basic and general knowledge of the shahadah
what this testimony concerns?
As a normal person would have to know what they are testifying about when making an oath. because not knowing what you are testifying about is absolutely unacceptable. It would mean nothing, basically.
In Islam, any kind of doubt is similar to disbelief (Kufr) Muslims have to be certain of the truth of the Shahadah
Allah describes the believers in the Qur’an "the (true) believers are those only who believe in Allah and His messenger and afterward doubt not, but strive with their wealth and their lives for the cause of Allah. Such are the sincere." (al-Hujjarat : 15). Muslims have to be certain of the truth of the Shahadah and that there is no sense of doubt or wavering of hearts. doubts and suspicions are more dangerous than lusts and desires for a person’s faith cure: is the sound knowledge of the Qur’an and Sunnah
after knowing and being certain of the shahadah, one must accept it believer accepts the implications of the shahadah = also means believing in what the Qur’an states or by the Prophet without any questions asked whatever comes from Allah or Muhammad, a true Muslim believes in it as the truth
the actual physical enactment with the deeds of the shahadah duties to be performed with sincerity to Allah and seeking forgiveness and guidance from him the meaning of Islam itself, “the submission to the will and commands of Allah” eg. performing the five daily prayers as it is compulsory for them to do so; and reciting the Kalima everyday of their lives
saying the shahadah honestly. One to mean it.
Hypocrites -> not believing in it but saying it to protect themselves and gaining something from doing so
meaning of sincerity is opposite of shirk (nifaaq)->(avoiding or neglecting a duty or responsibility) when making the shahadah, must do it for the sake of Allah
they are Muslims only for the sake of Allah, all of their actions are done only for the sake of Allah are they Muslims for their parents and would do whatever their parents would like them to do? or are they muslims for allah’s sake and would do whatever Allah wants them to do?
love of the shahadah, its meaning and being happy with it
Denial of False worship
worship only Allah and deny any false deities(Taghoot)
adherence or support of it until death