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Chrysalis"Chrysalis" redirects here. For other uses, see Chrysalis (disambiguation).
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A chrysalis is the pupal stage of butterflies.
Chrysalis may also refer to:
Chrysalis (alien), alien species in the computer game X-COM: Apocalypse Chrysalis (Wild Cards), character from the Wild Cards series of books In special needs education:
Chrysalis school, Chrysalis school for autism, based in Herts,UK. In music:
Chrysalis (album), album by Indonesian-French singer Anggun Chrysalis Group, UK media company with music, publishing and radio divisions Chrysalis Music, British independent music publisher
Chrysalis Records, record label (started by Chrysalis group, now owned by EMI) In television and film:
Chrysalis (film), a 2007 French science fiction film directed by Julien Leclercq "Chrysalis" (Babylon 5), episode of the science fiction series Babylon 5 "Chrysalis" (Star Trek: Deep Space Nine), season seven episode of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine that first aired on October 28, 1998
Common crow (Euploea core) chrysalis illustrating the Greek origin of the term : χρυσός (chrysós) for gold Monarch Butterfly chrysalis
Common crow (Euploea core) chrysalis illustrating the Greek origin of the term : χρυσός (chrysós) for gold A chrysalis (Latin chrysallis, from Greek χρυσαλλίς = chrysallís, pl: chrysalides) or nympha is the pupal stage of butterflies. The term is derived from the metallic gold-colouration found in the pupae of many butterflies referred to by the Greek term χρυσός (chrysós) for gold. Because chrysalids are often showy and are formed in the open, they are the most familiar examples of pupae. Most chrysalids are attached to a surface by a Velcro-like arrangement of a silken pad spun by the caterpillar and a set of hooks (cremaster) at the tip of the pupal abdomen. Like other types of pupae, the chrysalis stage in most butterflies is one in which there is little movement. However, some butterfly pupae are capable of moving the abdominal segments to produce sounds or to scare away potential predators. Within the chrysalis, growth and differentiation occur. The adult butterfly emerges (ecloses) from this and expands its wings by pumping haemolymph into the wing veins. This sudden and rapid change from pupa to imago is called metamorphosis. When the butterfly emerges from the chrysalis, usually it will sit on the empty shell in order to expand and dry its wings. However, if the chrysalis was near the ground (such as if it fell off from its silk pad), the butterfly would find another vertical surface to rest upon and dry its wings (such as a wall or fence). Moth pupae are usually dark in color and either formed in underground cells, loose in the soil, or their pupa is contained in a protective silk case called a cocoon. Aurelia is an old synonym of chrysalis from which is derived the term aurelian; one who studies the emergence of butterflies from chrysalids.
INTRODUCTIONJohn Wyndham was born in England, on July 10, 1903. When he was growing up, he went to a series of boarding schools because his parents were separated. He then attended an advanced co- educational school until he reached the age of eighteen. After he left school, Wyndham studied farming for awhile, then "crammed" to write the examinations for Oxford University. Finally, in 1929, Wyndham picked up a copy of an American magazine called Amazing Stories, and became very interested in science fiction. Not long after that a series of stories under the name of John Beynon began to appear in Amazing Stories, and in another publication called Wonder Stories. He wrote English science fiction stories under the names "John Beynon Harris," "John...