Sociology notecards

Topics: Marriage, Sociology, Family Pages: 16 (900 words) Published: September 15, 2014
What does
studying race
involve?

Physical
Characteristics;
such as hair color,
eye color, hair
texture etc.

What does
studying
ethnicity
involve?

Social
Heritage/Characteristics;
such as national orgin,
primary language, religion,
etc.

What is
prejudice?

A pre judgement or
generalization about
a group of
people;unsupported
by facts

What are
sources of
prejudice?

-socialization
-stereotypes
-authoritarian
personality -scapegoat
-culture -social conflict

What is
discrimination?

Taking
action/physically
doing something
based upon
prejudice

What is
institutional
discrimination?

A
university,corporation,
or group is
discriminating

Define
Amalgamation

Majority racial group
interacts with a
minority racial
group, and creates a
third racial group

Define
Assimilation

When youre a
member of a minority
group, and you want
to be accepted into a
majority group

Define
Pluralism

Several races
live within close
proximity and
get along

Segregation

A physical seperation of
two races; De
Facto-People voluntarily
choose to live segregated;
De Jure- Segregation
based on laws

Domination

When a majority
group assumes
power, and
takes over

Expulsion

When the majority
group attempts to
get rid of the
minority group

Population
Transfer

A large percentage
of a certain group
are rounded up
and shipped
elsewhere

Extermination
Genocide

Mass killings
to destroy an
entire race

Patriarchy
(Patriarchal)

Power reserved
only to men;
supported by legal
documents and
religion

Sexism

An ideology thats
states that men are
superior to women
in every endeavor

What roles
involved
gender
stratification?

-Work (Barely 20% of women
worked outside home)
-Education (Women only
expected to graduate high
school) -Politics (Women
couldn't vote until 1920)
-Housework (Woman averaged
40 hours of housework a week)

Define
institutional
sexism

When an
institution/corporation
is knowingly treating
women unfairly

Define
Feminism

A social movement
ensuring that
women had the
same oppertunites
as men

Define
Family/Kinship

Structured systems of
relationships in which
people are bound
together by ancestry,
marraige or adoption

Define
Nuclear
Family

Most common
family; Always 2
parents of opposite
sex living with
children

Define Single
Parent
Family

One parent
raising
child

Define
Childless
Couple

Married
couples that
chose not to
have children

Define
Domestic
Partnership

Gay/Lesbian
couples in a
realtionship with
same equivalence
of marraige

Define
Family of
Orientaiton

Family you are
born into and
given a
particular status

What is the
Sandwich
Generation?

"Baby boomers"; People
born after WWII late
40's early 50's; Forced
to care for aging parents
and children

Define
Polygamy

Men/Women
with 2 or more
spouses

Define
Polyandry

When a women
has 2 or more
husbands

Define
Polygyny

When a man
has 2 or
more wives

Define
Monogamy

Married to
one
spouse

Define
Serial
Monogamy

Several
marraiges
and divorces

Define
Exogamy

Selecting partner from a
different
background,religionn,race
etc.

Define
Endogamy

Selecting
partner
from within

What are
the types of
Marraige?

-Marraige by Capture
-Marraige by consent
-Marraige by
purchase -Marraige
by arrangement

Define
Unilineal
Descent

Tracing
ancestry
through one
side of family

Define
Patrilineal

Tracing decent
through
father's side

Define
Matrilineal

Tracing
descent
through
mother's side

Define
Non-Unilineal
Bilateral

Tracing descent
through mother
and father's side

Define
Patrilocal

Newly weds
living with
husbands family
or close by

Define
Matrilocal

Newly weds
living with
wife's family or
close by

Define
Bilocal

Newly...
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