Safe for Democracy: the United States and World War I, 1916-1920

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Safe for Democracy: The United States and World War I, 1916-1920 Chapter Study Outline
I.An era of intervention
A.Theodore Roosevelt and Roosevelt Corollary
1.Panama
a.U.S.-backed separation of Panama from Colombia b.U.S. acquisition of Panama Canal Zone
c.Construction of Panama Canal
d.Roosevelt Corollary [to the Monroe Doctrine]
2.Dominican Republic
3.Cuba
B.William Howard Taft and Dollar Diplomacy
1.Nicaragua
2.Honduras
3.Dominican Republic
C.Woodrow Wilson and "moral imperialism"
1.Haiti
2.Dominican Republic
3.Mexico
a.Mexican Revolution under leadership of Francisco Madero b.Assassination of Madero and outbreak of Civil War c.Wilson dispatch of troops, skirmishes with Pancho Villa II.America and the Great War

A.Outbreak of European war
1.Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
2.Allied Powers (Britain, France, Russia, Japan) versus Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire) 3.Protracted, bloody stalemate
B.Implications of European war
1.Undermining of faith in human progress and reason
2.Indication of power of nationalism in modern world C.American response: Neutrality and preparedness
1.Mixed sentiments
a.Sympathy for Allied Powers
i.British roots
ii.Association of Britain with democracy, Germany with tyranny b.Opposition to Allied Powers, and/or U.S. involvement i.German, Irish, Russian (anti-czarist) roots ii.Antiwar feminists, pacifists, social reformers 2.The road to war

a.Initial declaration of neutrality
b.British and German blockades
c.American business ties to Britain
d.Sinking of Lusitania
e."Preparedness" policy
f.German suspension of submarine warfare against neutrals g.Reelection of Wilson; "He Kept Us Out of War"
h.German resumption of open submarine warfare
i.Zimmerman Note
j.First Russian Revolution (Menshevik); overthrow of czar k.American declaration of war against Germany
D.From American entry to Armistice
1.Second Russian Revolution (Bolshevik)
a.Vladimir Lenin's break with Allies
b.Withdrawal of Russia from war
2.Wilson's Fourteen Points
3.Defeat of German advance; Allied counteroffensive
4.German surrender
III.The war at home
A.The progressive's war
1.Economic rationalization
2.Spirit of national unity and purpose
3.Social justice
B.The wartime state—expansion of federal powers
1.Military conscription
2.Economic intervention
a.Areas
i.War production (War Industries Board)
ii.National transportation (Railroad Administration) iii.Coal and oil (Fuel Administration)
iv.Farming and food preparation (Food Administration) v.Labor relations (National War Labor Board) b.Varied degrees of intervention
i.Coordination of overall war production (WIB) ii.Control of some sectors (railroads)
iii.Regulation of some sectors (coal, oil, labor relations) c.Partnership between business and government
i.Guaranteed profit
ii.Suspension of antitrust
d.Labor-management-government cooperation
i.Uninterrupted production
ii.Federal mediation
iii.Labor's right to organize
iv.Improved wages and working conditions
3.Raising of revenue
a.Corporate and income tax increases...
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