Sacraments Study Guide
Sacrament : outward sign instituted by Christ to give grace
Efficacious : capable of producing a desired effect
sacramental economy : dispensation of the fruits of the Paschal Mystery entrusted to the Church until Christ comes again Incarnation : God becoming human
Liturgy : official public worship of the Church
Hypostatic Union : doctrine of faith that recognizes two natures of Jesus, human and divine Evangelists : writers of the four gospels
Jesus : Hebrew name that means "God saves."
Christ : Hebrew name meaning "Anointed One."
Messiah : long prophesied Savior that God would send to save people from their sins primordial sacrament : reference to Jesus as "prime sacrament." Marks of the Church : One, Holy, Catholic, Apostolic
Communion of Saints : all believers on earth, in Heaven, and in Purgatory human solidarity : virtue of social charity and friendship whereby we recognize our interdependence social justice : form of justice that treats all people fairly and equally according to their due charism : a God-given talent, skill, gift, or ability that is given to each person for the good of everyone in the Church sacramental grace : participation in the life and love of the Trinity that comes to us through the sacraments theological virtues : faith, hope, and love
laity : all Baptized members of the Church who are not ordained Pentecost : Greek word meaning "fiftieth day" known as "birthday of the Church" Paraclete : name for Holy Spirit that means advocate, defender, or consoler Apostolic Succession : unbroken chain of authority in the Church Transubstantiation : the bread and wine truly become the Body and Blood of Christ Ministerial Priesthood : priesthood of Christ received in the sacrament of Holy Orders Common Priesthood : priesthood of the faithful shared by those baptized and confirmed sacramental character : an indelible spiritual mark which is a permanent effect of Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Orders Evangelize : to bring the Good News of Christ to others
Sacred Tradition : the living transmission of the Church's gospel message handed on by the Magisterium Holy Trinity : central mystery of the Christian faith that there are three Divine persons, Father, Son and Spirit Liturgy of the Word : part of the Mass that includes the Readings, homily, profession of faith, and intercessions Homily : reflection given by priest or deacon that reflects on the Scripture readings and applies them to life today Icons : religious paintings or images
Sabbath : day of rest...Saturday for Jewish faith; Sunday for Christians Holy Day of Obligation : a day when Catholics are obliged to attend Mass Church Year : organization of the major events in Jesus' life around the seasons of Advent, Christmas, Ordinary Time, Lent, and Easter Transfiguration : Jesus revealed himself as God to Peter, James, and John Easter Triduum : three-day liturgy that celebrates the Paschal Mystery Mystagogia : period following the Baptism of adults at the Easter Vigil Neophytes : those newly received into the Church
Liturgy of the Hours : public prayer of the Church that makes holy the whole day and night Basilica : long narrow church building based on Roman architecture Humility : virtue by which Christians acknowledge that God is the author of all that is good Lectio Divina : prayerful way to read the Bible or other sacred reading Eschatalogical : a term to describe the "last things," death, heaven, hell, purgatory, the Second Coming of Christ, and the resurrection of the body Matter of Sacrament : physical elements of a sacrament
Form of Sacrament : traditional words said for each sacrament Blessings : Divine life-giving actions that originate with the Father Real Presence : doctrine that Jesus is truly present in his Body and Blood under the form of bread and wine Redemption : recovering ownership or setting free; a ransoming Anamnesis : remembering the faith
Epiclesis : calling on the Holy Spirit to change...
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