Questions and Answers for Chapter 4

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Infancy: Socioemotional Development

I.  | Attachment: The Basic Life Bond|
 |  | Define attachment. bond between caregiver and child (or 2 people)|  |  | What time period categorizes toddlerhood? (1-2 yrs. old)|  |  | Contrast Watson’s and Bowlby’s views on attachment * John Watson: warned about the danger of too much mother love. Wants babies to be cared for by many different people * John Bowlby: "no such thing as too much motherly love"| |  | What did Lorenz demonstrate? Every species had a biolgically preprogrammed attachment response that appeared at a specific point soon after birth.|  |  | What was Harlow’s monkey study, and what did it show about attachment?|  |  | On what grounds did Bowlby make his case for the crucial importance of attachment?| | | |

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 |  | What is proximity-seeking behavior? acting to maintain physical contact or to be close to an attachment figure|  |  | What is the preattachment phase?|
 |  | When does a baby’s first social smile generally occur? in preattachment phase (2mos)|  |  | What does Bowlby mean by attachment in the making? when infants show a slight preference for their primary caregiver|  |  | What is clear-cut (or focused) attachment? 7/8 mos. through toddlerhood: baby the need to have a caregiver physically close|  |  | What does separation anxiety signal? clear-cut attachemt phase|  |  | When do children develop separation anxiety? clear-cut attachemt phase|  |  | Describe an example of social referencing. baby look for cues to behave from caregiver, comes in conjunction with crawling and clear-cut attachment|  |  | What is Bowlby’s mental representation of a caregiver called? Working model|  |  | What purpose does it serve? helps baby to cope with being separated from the caregiver|  |  | Describe Mary Ainsworth’s Strange Situation. see outline|  |  | What are the different types of...
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