I. | Attachment: The Basic Life Bond|
| | Define attachment. bond between caregiver and child (or 2 people)| | | What time period categorizes toddlerhood? (1-2 yrs. old)| | | Contrast Watson’s and Bowlby’s views on attachment * John Watson: warned about the danger of too much mother love. Wants babies to be cared for by many different people * John Bowlby: "no such thing as too much motherly love"| | | What did Lorenz demonstrate? Every species had a biolgically preprogrammed attachment response that appeared at a specific point soon after birth.| | | What was Harlow’s monkey study, and what did it show about attachment?| | | On what grounds did Bowlby make his case for the crucial importance of attachment?| | | |
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| | What is proximity-seeking behavior? acting to maintain physical contact or to be close to an attachment figure| | | What is the preattachment phase?|
| | When does a baby’s first social smile generally occur? in preattachment phase (2mos)| | | What does Bowlby mean by attachment in the making? when infants show a slight preference for their primary caregiver| | | What is clear-cut (or focused) attachment? 7/8 mos. through toddlerhood: baby the need to have a caregiver physically close| | | What does separation anxiety signal? clear-cut attachemt phase| | | When do children develop separation anxiety? clear-cut attachemt phase| | | Describe an example of social referencing. baby look for cues to behave from caregiver, comes in conjunction with crawling and clear-cut attachment| | | What is Bowlby’s mental representation of a caregiver called? Working model| | | What purpose does it serve? helps baby to cope with being separated from the caregiver| | | Describe Mary Ainsworth’s Strange Situation. see outline| | | What are the different types of...