PRINCIPLES OF LEARNING
1. The main points are :
Kolb proposed the process of experiential learning composed on by ‘four adaptive learning modes’ which are : * Reflective observation
* Abstract conceptualization
* Concrete experience
* Active experimentation
As per Kolb learning is defined as “the process whereby knowledge is created through transformation of experience”. This implies that the educators should use the learner’s personal beliefs and theories in a learning situation so that new and better ideas are generated among the learners. This also leads to development in the educational system which is more productive and effective. When model executives react to a situation in the organisation by using their previous experience or mental notes and how their decision affects the individual, organisations, community as a whole or what lessons can be learned whether positive or negative is the development of reflective practice. As per Raelin & Coghlan, a possibility of reframing experience is possible when refection opportunity is combined with work experience by restructuring the regular decisions taken by executives. Knowles has extensively investigated the process of adult learning and presented the conceptual framework of adult learning process having six basic premises (these differentiate adults from children) with the help of Holton III and Swanson. Adults were differentiated from children due to following points: * experience they have
* reasoning power
* eager to know
* immediate application of their knowledge
* passion and motivation to learn.
These authors use the psychological definition for describing adult learners, ‘psychologically we become adults when we arrive at a self-concept of being responsible for our own lives, of being self- directing’ as per given by Knowles. Therefore, adult learning principles are an integral part of executive education programs as executives are...
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