Pre-Romanticism

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Pre-romanticism

-preceded by Neoclassicism (1660-1780)
-1660 John Dryden
-1780 – deterioration, Johnson died
-Prescribed forms, language – all artificial

William Blake (1757-1827)
-London
-After Neoclassicism
-Earlier than other writers
-Left London only once in life
-Son of lousier
-Self-taught ; painter, illustrator for a living
-Attended Royal Academy if Arts (not wanting to succumb ro tules Sir John Reynolds who set the rules for painters, WB didn’t obey, left)4 -1st published work Poetical Sketches (1783), started writing at 12 -Songs of Innocence (1789), Songs of Experience (1794

-Copied the books by hand; interconnection between painting and poems (explaining each other) -Use of the colours – dark = hell – black, red x light blue – heaven -SOI & SOE = “ Innocence and Experience are two contrary states of the human soul  innocence is recognizable only with experience, …. -Prophetic books – 179 – his own system of symbol, philosophy, mythology -“I must create a system of my own or be enslaved by other men.” -“ Without contraries there is no perfection”

-Hated the institution of the Church, but believed in god (religious illustration) -Married Catherine Boncher, remained childless, she was illiterate -She made a living by selling his paintings

Samuel Taylor Coleridge
-obsessed with metaphor, use of symbols
-Kubla Khan
-Dreaming visions, fragmentary thoughts  force us to use our own imagination -Keen readers should read everything – because of a lot of references in his poetry -Pleasure atmosphere; symbols – moon = forecast of sth tragic, sun = positive -Coleridge – The Prince of the Ancient Mariner (negative symbol – killing of the albatross) -Christabel – draw his into tragedy

-* poem – 5 miles meandering (alliteration); a lifeless ocean (on its surface only); it wants a miracle (line 39, talks about inspiration); A damsel with dulcimer (a lady, he has delight of her songs and loves her); sublime...
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