Political Science

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LECTURE topics that WILL show up on the Final Exam:

(All of these topics were covered in class lecture, so using the eBook or searching for answers to these topics online COULD (but may not) lead you to incorrect answers. Long story short, use your notes (or someone else’s notes that are reliable) to answer these topics.)

Monday:
* The First and Third Party Eras in Texas politics.

First party from 1970 to 1930 was a One Party Democratic

Third Party from 1953 to 1977 was a Conservative Democratic v. Liberal Democratic v. Republicans

* What key top-of-the ballot races did Republicans win during the Fourth Party Era in Texas? * Which political party currently wins top-of the ballot races in Texas? * The differences between at-large and district elections as well as some examples of each.

At Large election= Election in which candidates are chosen on an individual basis rather than as representatives of a geographically define. Ex: Small states voting for one representative because of low population

District election: Election where only people living in that area where the election is taking place are allowed to vote. Ex: voting for legislature for that state.

* Who tends to vote for Republicans in Texas?
White
Middle - Upper Class income
People who live in the Suburbs

* The results of the 2004 Election in Texas.

George bush vs. John Kerry
Republican vs. Democrat
61.5 percent 38.5 percent

* Direct democracy vs. indirect democracy.

Direct Democracy: Is a type of democracy in which the power to govern lies directly in the hands of the people rather than being exercised through their representatives

Indirect Democracy: a system in which citizens elect representatives who decide policies on behalf of their constituents.

* The differences between conservatives and liberals.

Conservatives: ideology that recognize the importance of preserving tradition of maintaining the status quo of keeping things the way they are. Their Goals for Government are traditional value, order, stability, and economic freedom. Their Role of Government is to protect and support capitalist system, few limitations on fundamental rights.

Liberal: Are the ideas of liberty and political equality. Its advocates favor change in the social political and economic realms to better protect the well-being of individuals and to produce equality within society. Liberals goal of government are to promote absolute economic and social freedom. Liberal role of government are for no government regulation of economy, no limitations on fundamental rights Also liberal tend to quote from the bill of rights and support the right that are given by the bill of rights.

* The Articles of Confederation (who had the majority of the power under the Articles, and why the Articles failed). 1781-1789
It was a unicameral and most of the power came from the state/people. It failed because the central government couldn’t tax. No money people were going bankrupt. Article of confederation was the first form of government. The government had no power to do anything for example they couldn’t tax.

* The Virginia, New Jersey, and Connecticut Plans.

Virginia Plan-
Suggested by James Madison
Created 3 branches and a bicameral legislature
Representation was based on state’s population
Favored large states.

New Jersey Plan-
Suggested by William Paterson
It was a response to the Virginia Plan
It reworked the Articles of Confederation
It favored small states.

Connecticut Compromise (Great Compromise)
Benjamin Franklin
It was compromise between the Virginia and the New Jersey Plan. Created a Bicameral congress
House of representative based on state population
Each state got 2 senators per state.

* The formal process for amending the U.S. Constitution.
Two different ways
The most important a main one is ….
It requires 2/3 of the majority votes from both the house and...
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