Plant Cell Organelles and Their Functions, the Differences Between the Plant and Animal Cell

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MICHAEL OKPARA UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE UMUDIKE (MOUAU)
COLLEGE OF CROP AND SOIL SCIENCE (CCSS)
DEPARTMENT OF AGRONOMY

A TERM PAPER WRITTEN IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE COURSE CGB 514 (CYTOGENETICS) TOPIC: PLANT CELL ORGANELLES AND THEIR FUNCTIONS, THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE PLANT AND ANIMAL CELL BY
ONUMAEGBU BRIGHT C
MOUAU/08/11351

LECTURE:
DR J N EKA February 2013 Dedication

I dedicate this work and the articles therein to almighty God whose guidance and protection saw me through the processes undergone in the working of this article.

Acknowledgement
I acknowledge most importantly my brother Stanley Onumaegbu for his help, morally and also my dear parents and aunt for their financial help while doing this work.

CHAPTER 1

Introduction
All living things are made up of units called cells. A cell, the basic unit of life, is a microscopic structure that forms the basic structural as well as functional unit of living organisms. Cells can be divided into two categories called prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Prokaryotic cells are simple cells that lack nucleus and membrane-bound organelles whereas, eukaryotic cells are more complex cells comprising nuclear and cytoplasmic material sheathed by a cell membrane. Plant cells are the cells found in plants comprising sub cellular organelles. Both plants and animals come under eukaryotic cells. Eukaryotic cells have a standard set of features, however, plant and animal cells do have their differences. A plant cell is actually a large microscopic 'fully functioning' city, literally and figuratively, housing miniature structures known as organelles. It is fun to teach about a plant cell diagram and definitions, when your kid is already intrigued with the subject. Trouble is when he really isn't and would rather be doing anything else in the world than study biology. Yet, learning and teaching plant cell diagrams to children can actually be fun. You can use plant cell diagram for kids to make miniature models and the project will be fun as well as help your child to learn. Kids love making and building things. So a plant cell diagram model set up on a sheet of thermocol, using interesting things to make up the internal organelles should really excite your child. Before you do that though, brush up your own knowledge from this article. This work will show a well Labeled annotated Plant Cell diagram and the Functions of the various organelles of the plant cell. I used to enjoy drawing labeled plant cell diagrams in my biology class (incidentally my favorite subject), but if learning about this is something your child is not keen on, you can use this article to teach him/her. Though learning about the labeled plant cell diagram and functions can get a little tedious, there are ways to make it a fun experience for a child.

Objective of this study
To generally analyze every single organelle and their functions in a plant cell and also examine the similarities and differences between the plant and animal cell.

Well labeled Diagram of the plant Cell

CHAPTER 2
Functions of Various Organelles Of The Plant Cell
Let us begin with taking each internal organelle found in the plant cell diagram and highlighting its function and purpose within the plant cell. The most important things to note are the differences that make a plant cell so different from an animal cell. A typical plant cell is distinguished from a typical animal cell as it contains things like the cell wall, vacuoles, chloroplasts and plasmodesmata, that the animal cells do not contain. However, they lack centrioles and intermediate filaments which are present in...
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