Phi 210 Week 6 Quiz

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  • Topic: Post hoc ergo propter hoc, Hasty generalization, Logical fallacies
  • Pages : 5 (988 words )
  • Download(s) : 811
  • Published : December 9, 2012
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Question 1
0 out of 5 points

Televangelist Jerry Falwell said that God's anger with feminism led to the destruction of the World Trade Center. Given Falwell's closeness to God, we have no alternative than to blame the feminists for this atrocity. Answer

Selected Answer: Ignorance
Correct Answer: Authority
Question 2
0 out of 5 points

No mathematician has ever been able to demonstrate the truth of the variants of the Goldberg conjecture, so they cannot all be true. Answer
Selected Answer: False analogy
Correct Answer: Ignorance
Question 3
5 out of 5 points

Professor Glazebrooks's theory about the origin of the Martian craters is undoubtedly true. Rudolph Orkin, the great concert pianist, announced his support of the theory in this morning's newspaper. Answer

Selected Answer: Authority
Correct Answer: Authority
Question 4
5 out of 5 points

Karen has just moved in with her boyfriend. She claims that living together before marriage is ethical since everyone is doing it now. Answer
Selected Answer: Bandwagon
Correct Answer: Bandwagon
Question 5
5 out of 5 points

Criminals are basically stupid, because anyone who isn't basically stupid wouldn't be a criminal. Answer
Selected Answer: Circular reasoning
Correct Answer: Circular reasoning
Question 6
5 out of 5 points

Either the government imposes price controls on the cost of prescription drugs, or the pharmaceutical companies will continue to reap huge profits. Therefore, price controls must be imposed, because we cannot tolerate these huge profits any longer. Answer

Selected Answer: Either/Or fallacy
Correct Answer: Either/Or fallacy
Question 7
5 out of 5 points

All persons act in order that they might get pleasure.Even so-called altruistic persons who help others so much that they do almost nothing for themselves get pleasure out of giving.Otherwise, they wouldn't do it. Suppose a person hits himself over the head with a hammer.He must get pleasure from it, because why else would he do it if he didn't get pleasure from it? Answer

Selected Answer: Circular reasoning
Correct Answer: Circular reasoning
Question 8
0 out of 5 points

The idea that black people in this country live in poverty is ridiculous. Look at Bill Cosby. He's a millionaire. And so are Denzel Washington and Oprah Winfrey. Answer
Selected Answer: False Analogy
Correct Answer: Composition
Question 9
5 out of 5 points

Raising a child is like growing a tree. Sometimes violent things, such as cutting off branches, have to be done to force the tree to grow straight. Similarly, corporal punishment must sometimes be inflicted on children to force them to develop properly. Answer

Selected Answer: False analogy
Correct Answer: False analogy
Question 10
5 out of 5 points

If someone rents a piece of land and plants crops on it, the landlord is never permitted to come and take those crops for himself when harvest time arrives. Similarly, if couples enlist the services of a surrogate mother to provide them with a baby, the mother should never be allowed to welch on the deal and keep the baby for herself once it is born. Answer

Selected Answer: False analogy
Correct Answer: False analogy
Question 11
5 out of 5 points

The farmers of our state have asked that we introduce legislation to provide subsidies for soybeans. Unfortunately, we will have to turn down their request. If we give subsidies to the soybean farmers, then the corn and wheat growers will ask for the same thing. Then it will be the cotton growers, citrus growers, truck farmers, and cattle raisers. In the end, the cost will be astronomical. Answer

Selected Answer: Slippery slope
Correct Answer: Slippery slope
Question 12
5 out of 5 points

Motives and desires exert forces on people, causing them to choose one thing over another. But force is a physical quantity, governed by the laws of physics. Therefore, human...
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