Pharmacy Technician Study Guide

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Drug Classifications
A.C.E. Inhibitors - Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors block the conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II. Avoiding Angiotensin II may avoid increased blood pressure and vasoconstriction. They usually have the suffix "PRIL" A.2.R.B. - Angiotensin 2 Receptor Blockers block Angiotensin 2 enzymes from specific receptor sites. Avoiding Angiotensin 2 activity helps prohibit vasoconstriction. They usually have the suffix "ARTAN" Anti-Biotics - Anti-Biotics inhibit the reproduction of new Bacteria cells. There are several varieties and Drug Class Definitions of Anti-Biotics.Anti-Convulsants - Anti-Convulsants suppress the rapid firing of neurons in the nervous system (brain). Also known as Anti-epileptic drugs and Anti-Seizure drugs.Anti-Diabetics / Sulfonylureas - lower glucose levels in the blood. They are only used to treat Type II Diabetes.Benzodiazepines - Also know as "Benzos". Benzos are used as anti-anxiety agents, muscle relaxants, sedatives, and hypnotics. They usually have the suffix "PAM".Beta Blockers (B1) - Also known as Beta-adrenergic blocking agents. Block adrenaline receptors, which are part of the central nervous system and mediate a "Fight or flight" response, which would cause actions in the heart. They usually have the suffix "OLOL".Calcium Channel Blockers - Calcium channel blockers work by blocking calcium channels in cardiac muscle and blood vessels, thereby slowing down activity in the heart.Diuretics - Diuretics are primarily used to treat hypertension. They promote evacuation of water from the body, which decreases the load on the cardiovascular system.HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors - Also known as Statins, They inhibit the body's cholesterol production and usually have the suffix "STATIN".NSAID - Non Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs are commonly used as pain killers and Fever Reducers. They are non-narcotic and can be sold OTC.Opioid - Opioids provide an analgesic effect by decreasing the perception of pain and increase pain tolerance.Proton Pump Inhibitors - Inhibit the action of the gastric proton pump, thereby reducing gastric acid production. They usually have the suffix "PRAZOLE".S.S.R.I - Selective Seratonin Re-Uptake Inhibitors increase the body's Seratonin level by inhibiting its re-uptake into the Presynaptic cell. Commonly indicated as an Anti-Depressant.| Pharmacy Regulators and Agencies|

F.D.A - Approves new drugs - Process new drug applications - regulates package inserts - Regulates advertising of drugs - issues recalls - Federal AgencyD.E.A - Federal agency - Enforces CSA (controlled substance act) - Track controlled substance manufactured and sold - Investigates all violations involving controlled substance - Issues DEA numberB.O.P - Regulates licensing of Pharmacists - Regulates licensing of Pharmacy Techs - Set state laws/requirements - Outline the operating guidelines in the pharmacy - Investigate violations of the operating guidelines - Determine state regulated controlled substances - State agencyThe Joint Commission - Formerly JCAHO - Join Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations - Watches over Healthcare Organizations - Third party auditors/ regulators for insurance providersRemember who does what: - Ask if the question involves a controlled substance. If it does, then the DEA will likely be the answer. If the question involved a drug that is not controlled, FDA will likely be the answer. If the question sounds state specific or involves licensing, then the BOP is likely the answer. D.E.AD.E.A Schedules Schedule 1- No accepted medical use. Extremely high potential for abuse. Ex- Heroin and MDMASchedule 2- Does have medical use. High potential for abuse. Ex- Oxycodone, codeine, RitalinSchedule 3- Does have medical abuse. Moderate abuse potential less than schedule 2. Ex- Vicodin, Tylenol with codeine Schedule 4- Abuse potential exists less than schedule 3Ex- Ambien, Darvocent and LorazepamSchedule 5- Lowest abuse potential...
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