Nursing Study Guide

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  • Published : March 29, 2013
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Suggested Approach
* Read module narratives
* Complete required reading
* Review participation questions
* Review power points

Module 1 History and Trends
Purpose: Prevent epidemics/disease spread, protect against envir. Hazards, prevent injury, promote healthy behavior/mental health, respond to community disaster, assure access to quality service. In Maryland theCommunity Health Resource Commission provides grant funding to health departments and safety net providers who seek to provide improved access to primary care services. Community Health Resource Commission provides grant funding to health departments and safety net providers who seek to provide improved access to primary care services 1.Accomplishments of some historical PHNs and Public Health leaders, See list in module one.  Lillian Wald- founder of public health nursing ,

founded the Henry Street Settlement with her classmate and business partner Mary Brewster in 1893. The service began as a health promotion effort, teaching methods to prevent infectious disease, sanitation and nutrition to a group of poor immigrants  Florence Nightingale- changed the image of nursing after the Crimean War when she reduced mortality from 77% to 2%. Nightingale also played a significant role in establishing district nursing  Mary Brewster- acute and long term care for the sick and health promotion and disease prevention  Lina Rogers

Clara Barton- Founded red cross
Ada Mayo Stewart- Occupational Health Leader
Pearl Mciver- 1st nurse employed by USPHS
Loretta Ford
Rear Admiral Carol Romano
Ruth Freeman- PH nurse, educator, and leader
2. What are the Core Functions of Public Health?
* Assessment: systematic data collection on the population, monitoring the population’s health status, and making information available about the health of the community. * Policy Development: efforts to develop policies that support the health of the population, including a scientific knowledge base to make policy decisions. * Assurance: making sure essential community- oriented health services are available. These services might include providing essential personal health services for those who would otherwise not receive them. Also includes making sure that a competent public health and personal care workforce is available. 3. What are the Ten Essential Services?

Develop Policies, Inform/Educate, Mobilize community, enforce laws, link people, evaluate effectiveness, assure a competent workforce, research, diagnose& investigate, monitor health status 4. Match the essentials with the core functions (try to do 2 for each core function).

5. 10 Great Achievements of Public Health. Familiarize self. Be able to address a few. Visiting Nurses-1813, District Nursing(Nightengale, 1859), Public Health Nursing (Lillian Wald, 1893) 6. Affordable Care Act; what are some of the important changes? Identify.

7. What is coverage gap or “donut hole” Medicare?
Offering Medicaid services to everyone under age 65 whose income is 133% of the Federal Poverty Level (FPL) or below 8. Review of the important Federal Agencies and their health related responsibilities. US Department of Health and Human Services- primary federal health-related responsibilities

CDC- Centers of Disease Control and Prevention
HRSA- Health Resources and Services Administration
Office of Public Health and Science- Governed by surgeon general (12 AGENCIES)
USPHSS- US Public Health Service Commissioned Corps
National Health Service Corps assigns health personnel to medically underserved areas  Indian Health Service (IHS)
NACCHO- Nation Association of City and County Health Officials- promote recognition of the critical work of local health departments in health promotion, disease prevention and protecting communities

Federally Qualified Health Centers: Define and describe. Can you list a few? E.g. Healthcare for the Homeless
Children’s Health Insurance Program CHIP...
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