Notes on the Constitution

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THE AMENDMENTS

A. First amendment: Religious and Political Freedom
1. Guarantees freedom of
a. Speech
b. Religion
c. Press
d. Right to assemble peaceably
e. Petition the government for redress of grievances (to ask it to fix something that it’s responsible for) B. Amendment 2: right to bear arms
1. The belief was strong that a well regulated militia (such as the National Guard, in modern times) was necessary for maintaining our national security, so the political leaders in congress guaranteed that the right to bear arms would not be infringed (violated) C. Amendment 3: Quartering

1. No soldier of peace shall be quartered in a private citizens home without the homeowner’s consent D. Amendment 4: Search and Seizure
1. People and their personal property cannot be searched without a warrant, issued by a judge E. Amendment 5: Rights of An Accused Person
1. No person may be held to a crime unless he or she has first been officially and legally charged (through an indictment by a grand jury or a presentment from a prosecutor) 2. No person can be tried for a crime, found not guilty, then tries again for that exact same crime--- Double Jeopardy 3. A person does not have to answer any questions if they believe that they may incriminate themselves 4. Persons cannot be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law 5. Private property cannot be taken for public use unless the owner is fairly compensated for it. 6. Generally, due process of law as it applies to the 5th amendment guarantees the following: a. Right to fair and public trial

b. Right to present at the trial
c. Right to an impartial jury
d. Right to be heard in one’s own defense
e. Laws must be written so that a reasonable person can understand what is criminal behavior f. Taxes may only be taken for public purposes
g. Owners of property taken over by the
F. Amendment Six: Right to speedy and...
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