1. What was going on historically during this era? What was life like? Profound Political and Social changes going on; many moving into cities for work. Renewed interested in expressing emotion through music.
2. Does romantic music continue to use the same forms used in the classical era? No
3. Explain the Individuality of style. Composers wanted their music to be uniquely identifiable to them. They worked hard on self-expression.
4. What are the expressive aims and subjects of the pieces? How is this different than in the classical era? Flamboyance, Intimacy, Unpredictability, Melancholy, Rapture, Longing etc..., Classical Era did not experiment with so many aims.
5. What is musical nationalism? Music with a national identity.
6. What is musical exoticism? Intentionally implies a foreign culture.
7. What is program music?Instrumental music associated with a story, poem idea, scene etc.
Types: Program Symphony: Multi Movement orchestral piece; each movement has specific title.
Concert Overture: One movement orchestral in sonata form.
Symphonic or Tone Poem: One Movement, flexible form.
Incidental Music: for use before or during a play.
Character Piece: Several short programmatic movements for the piano
8. Define absolute music. Instrumental music having no intended association with a story, poem, idea or scene. non-program music. 9. How did composers deal with timbre or tone color? Composers tried to create unique sounds; blending of existing instruments, adding new instruments. Timbre became very important. Is this just an extension of what was beginning in the classical era? Basically they continued to build off of what was going on in the classical era.
10. Discuss the Romantic Composer and public. (lecture) 11. What is the art song? Form? Composition for solo voice and piano.
12. What is the song cycle? Group of songs unified in some manner.
13. What is an etude? A piece designed to help a performer...
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