Mus 354 Exam 1

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The Beatles
• John Hannon – vocals, rhythm guitar, keyboards, song writer • Paul McCartney – vocals, bass, guitar, keyboards, song writer • George Harrison – (Jazz), vocals, lead guitar, song writer (“something”) • Richard Starkey (Ringo Starr) – vocals, drums



Left-handed: Paul and Ringo
Paul is a perfectionist
Ringo – short, more like human being, oldest, older than John by 3 month

4 stage career –
• 1958-1963 – formative, U.K. hits
62-63: “ Please please me”, “Love me do”
63: “She loves you, yeah yeah yeah”, “I want to hold your hand” • 1964-1965 – U.S. and World tours, pop hits
• 1966-1968 – psychedelic sound and concept albums
concept albums; pictures, lyrics include
• 1968-1970 – individual styles emerge
John’s soul mate is one of the many factors lead to their breakup “Let it be” country western – British Pop

Musical first include:
• wrote most of own material
“Yesterday” – 25 versions
“something” – 100 versions
• self contained and self taught
Self-taught: skills came from experiences
George Martin – the 5th beatle, Beatles’ producer
• studio experiment and concept albums
o growth – John became remarkable guitarist
Paul – art of photography
o detail – they spent time to make it work out (whenever they want it to be) o humor – make private insight jokes; they appreciated each other’s humor Ringo – best Beatle humorer
• new artistic and sales standards
sales standards are huge: on average, each of them made $7,000 per hour, 24 hrs a day

In general – John wrote and perform
• limitless variety of musical sounds and structures (self created) • huge impact on music and culture

Liverpool, England –
• 1940 – John Lennon was born
• 1950 – learns music from mother
• 1957 – performs with own “skiffle” band, the Quarry Men – meets Paul after concert (Paul’s dad is a musician.)
• 1958 – George Harrison joins – three guitar line up
- the youngest Beatle
“That’ll be the day”
• Buddy Holly Song
• Lennon sings lead, harmony by Paul, George – guitar solo • Earliest released recording 1958

Neil (the driver) and Mal (big guy, creative, never get credit on giving out great ideas for the Beatles)
Allen Williams, Bob Willers

“In spite of the Danger” – 1958
• (the only) Paul and George composition
• John sings lead, Paul harmony – duet style
• George – guitar solo, - blues

1960 – Stu Sutcliffe joins on bass – Beatals
“You’ll be mine”
• Lennon and McCartney original – early
• Influenced by Ink Spots
• Paul sings lead, high harmony by John
• John adds humorous narrative

Late 60s – Silver Beatles
• Pete Best, drum joins
• Group called “ Silver Beatles”
• German tour – hone their skills in clubs during long shows • First meet Ringo Starr
1961 – Cavern club shows in Liverpool
• Second German tour

“My bonnie”
• Rarity features, German intro.
• Tony Sheridan, lead vocal and guitar
• Beat Bros. (Beatles) as back up band and vocals
• This song prompts Brain Epstein to visit the Cavern club shows

1962 – group auditions for Decca
“ Three cool cats”
• Leiber and Stoller song
• First recorded by U.S. – R & B group
The coasters
• George sings lead – guitar solo
• Comedy song from live act

From Decca audition type:
“Like dreamers do” – pop song
• One of many early L & M songs
• Paul sings lead – late ’50 style
• Song not re-recorded by Beatles at later date
Early ’62 – Epstein becomes manager
“One After 909” ( L & M )
• Rarity from Cavern Club rehearsal




Re-recorded in ’69 and released on Let It Be in ’70
Loose recording – wrong chords & lyrics

“I Saw Her Standing There” ( L & M ) – released on 01/64 • Also a Cavern Club rehearsal take
• Released version becomes U.S. top 40 hits in ’64 – performed on Ed Sullivan show
• Paul sings lead, John harmony
• John Elton – John performs song live in NY, 1974
• Paul revives song for 1986 concert with other rockers...
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