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1: The Microbial World and You

Learning Objectives Go Over First Lecture

1-1List several ways in which microbes affect our lives.

1-2Recognize the system of scientific nomenclature that uses two names: a genus and a specific epithet.

1-3Differentiate the major characteristics of each group of microorganisms.

1-4List the three domains.

1-5Explain the importance of observations made by Hooke and van Leeuwenhoek.

1-6Compare spontaneous generation and biogenesis.

1-7Identify the contributions to microbiology made by Needham, Spallanzani, Virchow, and Pasteur.

1-8Explain how Pasteur’s work influenced Lister and Koch.

1-9Identify the importance of Koch’s postulates.

1-10Identify the importance of Jenner’s work.

1-11Identify the contributions to microbiology made by Ehrlich and Fleming.

1-12Define bacteriology, mycology, parasitology, immunology, and virology.

1-13Explain the importance of molecular genetics and molecular biology.

1-14List at least four beneficial activities of microorganisms.

1-15Name two examples of biotechnology that use recombinant DNA technology and two examples that do not.

1-16Define normal microbiota and resistance.

1-17Define biofilm.

1-18Define emerging infectious disease.

Check Your Understanding

Describe some of the destructive and beneficial actions of microbes.

Distinguish a genus from a specific epithet.

Which groups of microbes are prokaryotes? Which are eukaryotes?

What are the three domains?

What is the cell theory?

What evidence supported spontaneous generation?

How was spontaneous generation disproved?

Summarize in your own words the germ theory of disease.

What is the importance of Koch’s postulates?

What is the significance of Jenner’s discovery?

What was Ehrlich’s “magic bullet”?

Define bacteriology, mycology, parasitology, immunology, and virology.

Differentiate microbial genetics from molecular biology....
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