Medical Terms 2

Topics: Kidney, Stomach, Nephrology Pages: 9 (2526 words) Published: March 14, 2012
The anterior portion of the roof of the mouth is the hard palate. •The muscular ring at the lower end of the stomach is the pyloric sphincter. •The ascending colon extends from the cecum to the undersurface of the liver. •The cecum is the first part of the large intestine

Villi are tiny projections in the walls of the small intestine that absorb nutrients. •The lower esophageal sphincter is called the cardiac sphincter. •The combining form eti/o means: Cause
The combining form gastr/o means: Stomach
The combining form lith/o means: Stone
Timothy suffered from recurring fever blisters around his mouth, known as herpetic stomatitis. •Mr. Wayne is scheduled to have a visual examination of the distal end of his descending colon that leads into the rectum. This procedure is called a sigmoid/oscopy. •Saliva is secreted from all of the following glands except the: Sebaceous •The medical term for gallstones is: Calculi

Excess glucose in the bloodstream is removed by the liver and stored as: Glycogen •What is the term for a failure of the lower esophageal sphincter to relax? Achalasia •Most organs of the digestive tract are held in place by a stretchable membrane called the: Peritoneum •If the cause of an illness or its treatment is unknown or not understood, it is called Idiopathic •Mr. Raphael is admitted for a twisting of the intestines. What is the medical term for this condition? Volvulus •Mr. Arturo has an inflammation of the liver that may be caused by the hepatitis A, B, or C virus. •Mr. Gonzales' colonoscopy revealed several large benign polyps, which his physician removed in a polypectomy •Mrs. Watkins is being treated for a duodenal ulcer. Her ulcer is located in the: First section of the small intestine •The small, raised areas on top of the tongue containing taste buds are: Papillae •The hard and soft of these form the roof of the mouth Palates •Children have two tricuspids, also known as the: First molars •These structures form a dental arch of 16 permanent teeth, for a total of 32 teeth in the entire adult mouth. Upper and lower gums •Folds or wrinkles within the stomach are called rugae

The anatomy term that describes the throat is: pharynx
The first portion of the small intestine, into which the stomach releases chyme, is known as: duodenum •Surgical removal of the gallbladder is: cholecystectomy
The orange-yellow pigment in bile that is largely the product of the breakdown of old hemoglobin in erythrocytes at the end of their lifespan is called: bilirubin •The coordinated serial contraction of the intestines that propels the contents is: peristalsis •In the stomach, gastric juices are secreted and mixed with the partially digested food to form a creamy semi-fluid called: chyme •Defecation is the elimination of fecal matter from the digestive system through the rectum and anus. •A term that means referring to the stomach and intestines is: gastrointestinal •The part of the stomach that is furthest from the outlet to the duodenum is called the: fundus •A decreased motility of the colon in which defecation becomes difficult because the feces are dry and hard, often caused by slow peristalsis or inadequate diet is called constipation •A condition in which one bowel segment collapses or telescopes into the opening of another segment is called intussusception •Blood in the feces is called melena

A term for gas expelled through the anus is flatus
Aphthous stomatitis: canker sore
Herpetic stomatitis: cold sore
EGD: –Esophag/o/gastr/o/duoden/o/scopy
GERD: –Gastroesophageal reflux disease; Reflux means flowing backwards •PUD: –Peptic ulcer disease; –Usually in stomach or duodenum; –Gastric ulcer or duodenal ulcer •

The combining form hepat/o means: Liver
The combining form lith/o means: Stone
The suffix -pepsia means: Digestion
The suffix -ectasia means: Stretching
The suffix -ptosis means: Prolapse
TPN is the abbreviation for:...
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