Major Conflicts on the 1920's

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Major Conflicts of the 1920’s: Zinn
* Widespread disillusionment and anger after wwi
* 10million died, why?
* Little change in living conditions
* 50% living below poverty line
* Working conditions still dangerous n horrible, low wages * Conditions of the other half: (Zinn, pg. 383)
* 2 million people in NYC lived in tenements condemned to as firetraps * Those who were doing well, shut out the picture of the others like: (Zinn, pg. 382) * Tenant farmers black and white

* Immigrant families in the city without work n not making enough to even get by with the basic necessities * Polarized nation
* Rural vs urban
* Traditionalists vs modernist
* 1. Fundamentalism vs Modernism
* Bible-literal vs Darwinism- evolution from apes
* Scopes vs Tennessee
* 2. Prohibition- 18th amendment- failed
* Around for medical use
* Home brewery/bathtub gin/ bootlegging
* Boarders of nation patrolled by only 1500 police
* People not complying with laws
* Led to organized crime
* Those who wanted to drink, did
* 81% opposed it my mid 20s
* 3. New Woman
* Womens movement- education for women
* Support progressivism/reform (regarding social justice issues) * Supported prohibition
Rural America oppose women in public sphere- breaks tradition of domestic life * 4. KKK
* Dramatic rebirth 1915-1925
* More ppl to hate- black, catholics, jews, immigrants * William Simmions- saw kkk as a business venture
* 5 million members- including political leaders & elected officials * David Stephenson- Indiana governor & Grand Wizard- convicted of rape of secretary- life in prison- attempted to black mail but it backfired * 5. First Red-Scare

* Fear of the spread of communism in America
* Period of hysteria- irrational- only 2/10th of 1% claimed to be communists * Used against laborers/unions
* Seattle & Boston strikes for higher wages
*
* Military troops sent to break up strikes
* Unions are labeled “red”
* A. Mitchell Palmer- attny general
* Used “preventative raids”
* Had 6,000 arrested, 500 deported
* Said there would be uprising of communism of May 1, 1920- nothing happened * Sacco & Vanzetti-1920
* Accused of being involved in robbery & murder at their place of work * Judge Webster Thayer found them guilty w/o evidence-sentenced to death * Government/Politics of 20’s
* During prohibition- politics were wet vs dry
Prosperity of 1920s:
* Economic boom after war ended
* Mass consumption
* New Woman
* Women’s suffrage
* Those who could afford it- went to college, higher education * More freedom -> less children and luxury items cut housework time * Women’s Voting
* 19th amendment- 1920
* Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B Anthony
* Reasons it took so long:
* Prohibition, block voting (thinking that all women would vote the same way) and President Wilson * Woodrow Wilson- for or against women’s rights
* He said that the WWI was for democracy – women were up in arms * In 1913, 8,000 women led by alice paul protested outside the White House * In 1917 holding signs to point out the contradiction in fighting to protect democracy abroad but refusing to give women full democracy at home. * Woodrow Wilson said he was not against women’s suffrage; he just had “more important” concerns, like the war. * Finally passed in 1920, after at least 4 previous attempts * Luxuries increased

* Automobile
* Henry Ford- 2nd American billionaire
* Moving assembly line => mass production
* cut down time- 12hrs to make one car, now 90mins * impacted...
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