Learning theory – psychological theories that explain development in terms of accumulated learning experiences
|Classical conditioning |Learning happens when neutral |Passive |Nurture | | |stimuli become strongly | | | |[pic] |associated with natural stimuli | | | | |that they elicit the same | | | | |responses. | | | |Operant conditioning |Development involves behaviour |Passive |Nurture | | |changes that are shaped by | | | |[pic] [pic] |reinforcement and punishment. | | | |Social Cognitive theory |People learn from models; what |Active |Nurture | | |they learn from a model depends | | | |[pic] |on how they interpret the | | | | |situation cognitively and | | | | |emotionally. | | |
Classical conditioning - made famous by Pavlov’s (1849-1936) experiments with...
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