Introduction to Jpmorgan Chase & Co.

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  • Topic: JPMorgan Chase, J.P. Morgan & Co., House of Morgan
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  • Published : April 28, 2013
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Section 1
PROFILE OF JPMORGAN CHASE & CO.

1.1 Introduction of the Company
JPMorgan Chase & Co. (NYSE: JPM) is an American multinational banking corporation of securities, investments and retail. It is the largest bank in the United States by assets, and as of 2012, it ranks as the second largest bank in the world by assets. It is a major provider of financial services, with assets of $2.509 trillion. The hedge fund unit of JPMorgan Chase is one of the largest hedge funds in the United States. It was formed in 2000, when Chase Manhattan Corporation merged with J.P Morgan & Co. JPMorgan Chase is one of the Big Four banks of the United States with Bank of America, Citigroup and Wells Fargo. According to Bloomberg, as of October 2011 JPMorgan Chase surpassed Bank of America as the largest U.S. bank by assets. Through its predecessor, the Bank of the Manhattan Company, it is the 22nd oldest bank in the world. Similarly, according to Forbs magazine, JPMorgan Chase & Co. is the world's second largest public company based on a composite ranking and at 16th position of fortune 500 list from previous rank 13. The Bank of America Corporation stands at first and Citigroup at second place based on the composite ranking. Through a continuous operation in the market for over 160 year, J.P. Morgan has been upgrading and strengthening its hold in the U.S market. Currently the firm is operating its business in 6 major area of expertise which includes:

1] Asset Management2] Commercial Banking
3] Investment Bank4] Private Bank
5] Securities Services6] Treasury Services

1.2 History of JPMorgan Chase & Co.
The heritage of the House of Morgan traces its roots to the partnership of Drexel, Morgan & Co., which in 1895 was renamed J.P. Morgan & Co. (see also: J. Pierpont Morgan). Arguably the most influential financial institution of its era, J.P. Morgan & Co. financed the formation of the United States Steel Corporation, which took over the business of Andrew Carnegie and others and was the world's first billion-dollar corporation. In 1895, J.P. Morgan & Co. supplied the United States government with $62 million in gold to float a bond issue and restore the treasury surplus of $100 million. Built in 1914, 23 Wall Street was known as the "House of Morgan", and for decades the bank's headquarters was the most important address in American finance. At noon, on September 16, 1920, a terrorist bomb exploded in front of the bank, injuring 400 and killing 38. In the 1930s, all of J.P. Morgan & Co. along with all integrated banking businesses in the United States, was required by the provisions of the Glass–Steagall Act to separate its investment banking from its commercial banking operations. J.P. Morgan & Co. chose to operate as a commercial bank, because at the time commercial lending was perceived as more profitable and prestigious. Additionally, many within J.P. Morgan believed that a change in political climate would eventually allow the company to resume its securities businesses but it would be nearly impossible to reconstitute the bank if it were disassembled. In 1935, after being barred from securities business for over a year, the heads of J.P. Morgan spun off its investment-banking operations. Led by J.P. Morgan partners, Henry S. Morgan (son of Jack Morgan and grandson of J. Pierpont Morgan) and Harold Stanley, Morgan Stanley was founded on September 16, 1935 with $6.6 million of nonvoting preferred stock from J.P. Morgan partners. In order to bolster its position, in 1959, J.P. Morgan merged with the Guaranty Trust Company of New York to form the Morgan Guaranty Trust Company. The bank would continue to operate as Morgan Guaranty Trust until the 1980s, before beginning to migrate back toward the use of the J.P. Morgan brand. In 1984, the group finally purchased the Purdue National Corporation of Lafayette Indiana, uniting a history between the two figures of Salmon Portland Chase and John Purdue. In 1988, the...
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