COLLEGE OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE EDUCATION
(MWF) (10:30 – 11:30)
THEORIES AND PROPONENTS OF CRIMES
The scientific study of crime as a social phenomenon, including its causes, prevention, types, consequences, and punishment, and its relationship to other forms of deviant behavior such as alcohol addiction or drug abuse emerged in the 19th century as part of a humanizing movement in which people tried to understand the nature of crime and to devise more effective methods of deterrence and treatment. In the mid-19th century, CRIMINOLOGY arose as a social philosophers thought t crime and concepts of law. Over time, several schools of thoughts have developed.
Furthermore, back in the Medieval Period, many unorganized and ephemeral explanations of crimes were stated and accepted. They were known as the SCHOOL OF CRIMINOLGY or SCHOOL OF THOUGHT OF CRIMINOLOGY. They offered explanations to crime causation by formulating a theory which now serves as the basis of our study in CRIMINOLOGY.
THE MOST PROMINENT ONES ARE THE FOLLOWING:
* Classical School of Criminology
* Neo-classical School
* Italian and Positivist school
* Cartographic/Geographical School
* Socialist School of Thought
* Psychiatric School of Thought
* Socio-Social-Psycho School
Virtually, many book writers on CRIMINOLOGY offer a summary of the main schools of criminological thought, in chronological order, starting with the classical work of BECARRIA and ending with a chapter on contemporary or post-modernist theory. It is difficult to recall dates, names of proponents and the fundamental theories they are espousing. To aid memory in recalling events and people, the author prepared a table for this purpose.
THE CLASSICAL SCHOOL
The CLASSICAL SCHOOL OF CRIMINOLOGY is composed of thinkers of crime and punishment in the...