International Finance

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____T__ 1.  Multinational financial management requires that financial analysts consider the effects of changing currency values.

__F__ 2.
Legal and economic differences among countries, although important, do NOT pose significant problems for most multinational corporations when they coordinate and control worldwide operations and subsidiaries. Comment: Legal and economic differences among countries do affect the worldwide operations and subsidiaries.

___T_ 3.
When the value of the U.S. dollar appreciates against another country's currency, we may purchase more of the foreign currency with a dollar. __T__ 4.
The United States and most other major industrialized nations currently operate under a system of floating exchange rates. __F__ 5.
Exchange rate quotations consist solely of direct quotations. Comment: Exchange rate quotations consist of direct and indirect quotations. __T__ 6.
Calculating a currency cross rate involves determining the exchange rate for two currencies by using a third currency as a base. __T__ 7.
A Eurodollar is a U.S. dollar deposited in a bank outside the United States. __F__ 8.
LIBOR is an acronym for London Interbank Offer Rate, which is an average of interest rates offered by London banks to smaller U.S. corporations. Comment: LIBOR is the interest rate offered by the largest and strongest London-based banks on large deposits. __T__ 9.

Exchange rate risk is the risk that the cash flows from a foreign project, when converted to the parent company's currency, will be worth less than was originally projected because of exchange rate changes. ___F_ 10.

Because political risk is seldom negotiable, it cannot be explicitly addressed in multinational corporate financial analysis. Comment: Political risk refers to potential actions by a host government that would reduce the value of a company’s investment. It includes at one extreme the expropriation without compensation of the subsidiary’s assets, but it also includes less drastic actions that reduce the value of the parent firm’s investment in the foreign subsidiary, including higher taxes, tighter repatriation or currency controls, and restrictions on prices charged. However, companies can take several steps to reduce the potential loss from expropriation: (1) finance the subsidiary with local capital, (2) structure operations so that the subsidiary has value only as a part of the integrated corporate system, and (3) obtain insurance against economic losses due to expropriation from a source such as the Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC). ___T_ 11.

Individuals and corporations can buy or sell forward currencies to hedge their exchange rate exposure. Essentially, the process involves simultaneously selling the currency expected to appreciate in value and buying the currency expected to depreciate. __T__ 12.

If an investor can obtain more of a foreign currency for a dollar in the forward market than in the spot market, then the forward currency is said to be selling at a discount to the spot rate. ___T_ 13.

If a dollar will buy fewer units of a foreign currency in the forward market than in the spot market, then the forward currency is said to be selling at a premium to the spot rate. ___T_ 14.
A foreign currency will, on average, depreciate against the U.S. dollar at a percentage rate approximately equal to the amount by which its inflation rate exceeds that of the United States. __F__ 15.

The cash flows relevant for a foreign investment should, from the parent company's perspective, include the financial cash flows that the subsidiary can legally send back to the parent company plus the cash flows that must remain in the foreign country. Comment: From the perspective of the parent organization, the cash flows relevant for foreign investment analysis are the cash flows that the subsidiary is actually expected to send back to the parent. __T__ 16.

The cost of capital may be different for a foreign project than...
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