1.Define the term ‘culture’
The definition of the word culture is;
The arts and other manifestations of human intellectual achievement regarded collectively. 2.How would a sociologist define ‘culture’ compared to the way a psychologist would define the concept? A sociologist defines culture; Culture consists of the beliefs, behaviours, objects, and other characteristics common to the members of a particular group or society. A psychologist defines it; Culture is the set of ideas, behaviours, attitudes, and traditions that exist within large groups of people. So basically the same.
3.What are ‘norms’ and why are they important?
The norm is the type of behaviour or way of doing something that is accepted by the society you are in. 4.What does it mean to have a normative view of society?
Normative means relating to an ideal standard or model, so a standard view of society, expecting the norm in society. 5.How do norms vary between cultures?
It is same thing like asking why people differ in linguistic exercise. Norms are a set of certain practices and ritual a given community or a select region follows and they have been accustomed to that since their birth. Regions, nations, community, cast are different and so are their norms. In some countries being kissed as a greeting is acceptable and encouraged in others it would be unacceptable and even illegal. 6.What does it mean when something is symbolic?
It means that object or ritual or whatever represents something and is the symbol for that. For instance the Eiffel tower would be symbolic to Paris. 7.What are the symbolic elements of culture?
Some cultures adopt a symbol and use it to represent them, such as a swastika or a flag. 8.What is the importance of language in transmitting culture? Language is how we communicate ideas and without ideas and traditions culture could not exist. 9.In respect to the concept of society, what is an Institution? An institution in relation to society is an activity or ritual for a certain culture; e.g. a siesta is an institution in Spain. 10.What is Ethnocentrism and how would it affect ones viewpoint? It means to judge another culture by the standards and values of your own culture, which I think originally everyone does. It makes someone narrow minded though if they do not eventually open up to new cultures. 11.How do sub cultures and counter cultures differ from the dominant culture? This is a stupid question. Sub/counter cultures are named so because they differ from the main culture. 12. In your own words explain dominant culture.
The dominant culture is the culture of the dominant social grouping. It is not necessarily the culture of the majority (though it often is) but rather the culture of those who have the resources, assets, and means by which to control the cultural mileaux of a society. The dominant social groupings sphere of influence affects language, fashion, norms, and values, behaving, and thinking. Dominant culture is very self-explanatory. It is the culture that dominates. And this stupid question is not worth the time it would take me to type 200 words.
The expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect. Metaphor
A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable. A thing regarded as representative or symbolic of something else, esp. something Allusion
An expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference. Illusion
A false idea or belief: "he had no illusions about her". A deceptive appearance or impression: "the illusion of togetherness". Surreal
Having the qualities of surrealism; bizarre: "a surreal mix of fact and fantasy" Protagonist
The leading character or a major character in a drama, movie, novel, or...