Human Resource Planning

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Getting Human Resources

UNIT 5
Objectives

HUMAN RESOURCE PLANNING

After completion of the unit, you should be able to:
l l l l

understand the concept of Human Resource Planning (HRP); discuss the need and objectives of HRP; describe the process of HRP; and discuss the problems of HRP.

Structure
5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 What is Human Resource Planning? Objectives of HRP Levels of HRP Process of HRP Techniques of HR Demand Forecast Factors Affecting HR Demand Forecasting Problems in HRP Process Guidelines for Making HRP Effective Summary

5.10 Self Assessment Questions 5.11 Further Readings

5.1

WHAT IS HUMAN RESOURCE PLANNING?

Human Resource Planning (HRP) may be defined as strategy for acquisition, utilization, improvement and preservation of the human resources of an enterprise. The objective is to provide right personnel for the right work and optimum utilization of the existing human resources. HRP exists as a part of the planning process of business. This is the activity of the management which is aimed at co-ordinating requirements for and the availability of different types of employers. The major activities of HRP include: forecasting (future requirements), inventorying (present strength), anticipating (comparison of present and future requirements) and planning (necessary programme to meet future requirements).

Activity A
Identify and tabulate the present position of human resources and future requirement in your present organization. ........................................................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 28

5.2
a) b) c) d) e) f) g)

OBJECTIVES OF HRP
ensure optimum utilization of human resources currently employed; assess or forecast future requirements; cope up with the changing scenario; attaching with business plans of organization; anticipate redundancies; provide basis for human resource development (HRD); and assist in productivity bargaining.

Human Resource Planning

The objectives of HRP are mainly to:

Benefits of HRP
Proper HRP results into a number of benefits. Some of them are: a) b) c) d) e) Create reservior of talent. Preparation for future HR needs. Promote employees in a systematic manner. Provide basis for HRD. Help in career and succession planning.

Need for HRP at Macro Level
Major reasons for the emphasis on HRP at macro level include: Employment-Unemployment Situation: Though in general the number of educated unemployed is on the rise, there is acute shortage for a variety of skills. This emphasises the need for more effective recruitment and retaining people. Technological Changes: The myriad changes in production technologies, marketing methods and management techniques have been extensive and rapid. Their effect has been profound on job contents and job contexts. These changes cause problems relating to redundancies, retraining and redeployment. All these suggest the need to plan manpower needs intensively and systematically. Organizational Changes: In the turbulent environment marked by cyclical fluctuations and discontinuities, the nature and pace of changes in organizational environment,...
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