Honr 101 Final Exam Notes

Topics: Athena, God, Athens Pages: 27 (7975 words) Published: February 5, 2013
Honors 101 Final Exam Study Guide

Overarching Themes
Pietas (vs. intense anger)
Furor (vengeance) and Justice
Will of God(s)
Suffering is necessity
Sacrifice for beliefs
Relationships with followers (Socrates vs. Jesus)/discipleship Misunderstandings lead to consequences
Father/son relationships
Oral Society
Unpredictability of life/Inevitability
Devolution (golden age has passed)/decline/inferiority
New vs. Old

The Odyssey of Homer
Major Themes
1. Lineage
a. Knowledge passed through generations
2. Importance of home (oikos) as identity
b. Odysseus defined by his social function at home
3. Oral Society
c. Learn what people are thinking from what they say and do (externalities) 4. Hospitality/Guest-host relationship
d. Folk motif: guest could be a god
e. Main cultural force: violated by Paris
5. Coming of Age
f. Telemachus takes charge of household
6. Power struggle among men (cunning over strength)
g. Vengeance: honor restored, but only divine intervention can end cycle of revenge h. Rank and merit cause conflict
7. Woman’s work (Penelope)
8. Ambiguous will of the gods
i. Sacrifice as major communal event to please gods appropriately j. Justice is doing the will of the gods
9. Curiosity (both dangerous and admirable)
k. Can lead to trouble
l. Intellectual curiosity is a strong character that carries through literature 10. Odysseus as an integrated character
m. Trickster, hero, and good man (god-fearing and hospitable) 11. Omens
n. Zeus sends signs to Odysseus
Major Quotes
* “He would rather die than live the life of one denied the sight of smoke that rises from his homeland’s hearths.” * Athena to Zeus: importance of home
* “But then weigh carefully in mind and soul how best to kill the suitors in your halls.” * Athena to Telemachus: suitors’ abuse of hospitality * “We will not tend our fields or leave your halls until your mother shall have chosen one of us and married him.” * Antinous to Telemachus: Penelope deceives suitors by unraveling the cloth and suitors show abuse of hospitality to their host * “How good a thing it is for one who dies to leave a son behind.” * Nestor to Telemachus: lineage

* “It will be them instead—the suitors, those who devour your goods—whom earth with cover.” * Athena to Odysseus: revenge against suitors
* “My name is No-one; No-one—so I am called by both my mother and my father, and all my comrades.” * Odysseus to Cyclops: cunning and deception

The Book of Genesis
Major Themes
1. Sibling rivalry
a. Envy and competition (Cain and Abel & Shem and Japeth) 2. Deception
b. Adam and Eve & Cain
3. Power/Dominance
c. God’s all-consuming power (Noah does not question Him) d. Humans given the most dominion
4. Compassion
e. God cares for his creation despite sins (mercy to Adam and Eve, Cain, and Noah’s family) 5. Knowledge/Wisdom
f. Forbidden fruit—pain of understanding
6. Covenants/Promises
g. God will never destroy humankind again (rainbow symbol) h. Power of words (they bring order to a formless, dark void—order out of chaos) 7. Humans are innately evil (Good vs. Evil)

i. Descendents of Cain
8. Civilization
j. Clothing and loss of natural human state of nudity
k. Cain’s city of Enoch and his descendants form beginnings of civilization l. Tower of Babel—leads to diversity when God scatters them abroad 9. Devolution
m. We are now living in a lesser time than once was
Major Quotes
* “Let us make humankind in our image, according to the likeness; and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea.” * Speaker: God, human vs. divine, humans created in...
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