Hitlers Foreign Policys

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Dictatorship and Democracy In Europe 1920-1945
Key Personalities

Hitler's Foreign Policy Aims






GROSSDEUTSCHLAND: 'big Germany', unite all
german speakers into 1 big country (Germany, Austria,
Poland, Czechoslovakia, France)
Remilitarise Rhineland
LEBENSRAUM: 'living space', more territory for
Germany (e.g. Poland, Russia, Czechoslovakia)



Increase size of military, navy, air force etc...



Reintroduce conscriptions



Stop paying reparations



Colonies/empire



Germany powerful

Hitler's Foreign Policy:Early Phase
1933-1936


League of Nations hold 'Disarmament Conference'



France refuses to reduce armaments



Germany leaves League of Nations (Oct 1933)





Germany and Poland sign 10 year non-agression
pact (Jan 1934)
This breaks the alliance between Poland and
France



Austrian Nazis kill Chancellor Dolfuss



Fear of Germany invading Austria



Italy mobilises troops to Brenner Pass



GB/France/Italy meet at Stresa



Stresa Front condemn German
agression/rearmament



Germany does not attempt to invade Austria



Saarland under control of League of Nations






Saarland returned to Germany after referendum
(Jan 1935)
Anglo-German Naval Pact (June 1935)
Germany allowed navy but must be 1/3 of GB
navy

Breaking the Versailles Treaty and
Foreign Policy 1936-1939


Rearmament



Remilitarising the Rhineland



Rome-Berlin Axis 1936



Support for Franco and Nationalists or Fascists
in Spanish Civil War



Anti-Comintern Pact (with Italy and Japan) 1938



The Anschluss (Annexation of Austria) 1938



Pact of Steel with Italy 1939

German rearmament




Germany began
rearmament and
building up its
armed forces in the
1930s
Again Britain and
France took no
action against
Germany

German Rearmament
1933

7 Divisions of
troops

No military planes

No large warships

No submarines

1939

52 Divisions of
troops

More than 4,000
planes

4 warships

54 submarines

Remilitarising the Rhineland 1936




1936 Germany send
troops into the
demilitarised
Rhineland
GB refuses to
intervene militarily
and France unwilling
to act alone

Anschluss-The annexation of
Austria 1938- part 1






1938 Hitler puts pressure on Austrian PM
Schuschnigg to make Austrian nazi Artur Von
Seyss-Inquart Minister for the Interior
Austrian Nazis organised protest/riots to
destabilise the government
PM organised referendum on Anschluss
(Union) and sought help of GB/France to resist
Hitler

Anschluss-The annexation of
Austria 1938- part 2







Hitler moved troops to border and demanded
referendum be cancelled
Austrian PM resigns-replaced by Seyss-Inquart
Seyss-Inquart invites Germans in to restore
order
Referendum later held and passed by 99%
majority

The Sudentenland 1938






In 1938 the German
army invaded a part of
Czechoslovakia called
the Sudetenland (which
had many German
speakers living there)
The Czech government
looked to Britain and
France for help
A conference was
organised in Munich

The Munich Conference




Representatives from
Italy, Germany, Britain
and France met to
discuss Germany’s
occupation of the
Sudentenland
The Czechs were not
invited

Neville Chamberlain and Adolf Hitler

The Munich Agreement






They agreed to allow
Germany to keep the
Sudetenland
Germany agreed to not
invade any more
territory
Neville Chamberlain
returned to London
declaring that he had
achieved ‘Peace in our
Time’

Czechoslovakia
1939






In March 1939 the
Germans invaded the
rest of Czechslovakia
Britain and France did
not declare war on
Germany
But they said they
would declare war if
Germany attacked
Poland

Appeasement









Britain and France appeased...
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