Hitlers Foreign Policys

Topics: World War II, Adolf Hitler, Winston Churchill Pages: 30 (2070 words) Published: December 15, 2012
Dictatorship and Democracy In Europe 1920-1945
Key Personalities

Hitler's Foreign Policy Aims

GROSSDEUTSCHLAND: 'big Germany', unite all
german speakers into 1 big country (Germany, Austria,
Poland, Czechoslovakia, France)
Remilitarise Rhineland
LEBENSRAUM: 'living space', more territory for
Germany (e.g. Poland, Russia, Czechoslovakia)

Increase size of military, navy, air force etc...

Reintroduce conscriptions

Stop paying reparations


Germany powerful

Hitler's Foreign Policy:Early Phase

League of Nations hold 'Disarmament Conference'

France refuses to reduce armaments

Germany leaves League of Nations (Oct 1933)

Germany and Poland sign 10 year non-agression
pact (Jan 1934)
This breaks the alliance between Poland and

Austrian Nazis kill Chancellor Dolfuss

Fear of Germany invading Austria

Italy mobilises troops to Brenner Pass

GB/France/Italy meet at Stresa

Stresa Front condemn German

Germany does not attempt to invade Austria

Saarland under control of League of Nations

Saarland returned to Germany after referendum
(Jan 1935)
Anglo-German Naval Pact (June 1935)
Germany allowed navy but must be 1/3 of GB

Breaking the Versailles Treaty and
Foreign Policy 1936-1939


Remilitarising the Rhineland

Rome-Berlin Axis 1936

Support for Franco and Nationalists or Fascists
in Spanish Civil War

Anti-Comintern Pact (with Italy and Japan) 1938

The Anschluss (Annexation of Austria) 1938

Pact of Steel with Italy 1939

German rearmament

Germany began
rearmament and
building up its
armed forces in the
Again Britain and
France took no
action against

German Rearmament

7 Divisions of

No military planes

No large warships

No submarines


52 Divisions of

More than 4,000

4 warships

54 submarines

Remilitarising the Rhineland 1936

1936 Germany send
troops into the
GB refuses to
intervene militarily
and France unwilling
to act alone

Anschluss-The annexation of
Austria 1938- part 1

1938 Hitler puts pressure on Austrian PM
Schuschnigg to make Austrian nazi Artur Von
Seyss-Inquart Minister for the Interior
Austrian Nazis organised protest/riots to
destabilise the government
PM organised referendum on Anschluss
(Union) and sought help of GB/France to resist

Anschluss-The annexation of
Austria 1938- part 2

Hitler moved troops to border and demanded
referendum be cancelled
Austrian PM resigns-replaced by Seyss-Inquart
Seyss-Inquart invites Germans in to restore
Referendum later held and passed by 99%

The Sudentenland 1938

In 1938 the German
army invaded a part of
Czechoslovakia called
the Sudetenland (which
had many German
speakers living there)
The Czech government
looked to Britain and
France for help
A conference was
organised in Munich

The Munich Conference

Representatives from
Italy, Germany, Britain
and France met to
discuss Germany’s
occupation of the
The Czechs were not

Neville Chamberlain and Adolf Hitler

The Munich Agreement

They agreed to allow
Germany to keep the
Germany agreed to not
invade any more
Neville Chamberlain
returned to London
declaring that he had
achieved ‘Peace in our


In March 1939 the
Germans invaded the
rest of Czechslovakia
Britain and France did
not declare war on
But they said they
would declare war if
Germany attacked


Britain and France appeased...
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