Hemispheres United Notes

Topics: Americas, Colonialism, Indigenous peoples of the Americas Pages: 3 (1153 words) Published: November 5, 2014

Chapter 11Hemispheres United
ZHENG HE’S VOYAGES
Social: Emperor Yongle commands Zheng He to perform voyages to reassert China’s power Gave expensive gifts to people along the way
Political: The Ming discouraged extensive contact with foreigners and stopped voyages Interaction Between Humans and the Environment: During expeditions, exotic animals were brought to China Cultural: Changing attitudes toward the Middle Kingdom’s relationship with the world Voyages vs. isolationism

Economic: Trade is vital to China, but could bring harm
Money needed to contain nomadic attacks
PORTUGUESE AND SPANISH VOYAGES AND COLONIES
Social: Portugal and Spain had a hard time trading due to the trade alliance between Venice, Genoa, and Muslim states Political: Catholic leader of Spain expelled all Jews
Led to new centralized political power
Provided incentive to spread Christianity
Interaction Between Human and the Environment: Caravel allowed exploration of shallow coastal areas and rivers Cultural: Henry the Navigator created the navigation school
Economic: Spanish government invested in exploration of new world (Christopher Columbus) The Treaty of Tordesillas
Social: Spain and Portugal had opposing views of who should control new lands Political: Treaty of Tordesillas created to split new land between Spain and Portugal Interaction Between Human and the Environment: Spain commissioned Ferdinand Magellan First to circumnavigate the globe

Cultural: Muslims, Buddhists, and Hindus had little interest in converting to Christianity Economic: Portuguese had to be content with quick trade profits Seldom settled in ports they controlled
The Spanish Empire in the Americas
Social: Conquistadors converted many to Christianity while taking over the empires of the Americas Political: Spanish conquistadors took over Aztec capital (Hernán Cortés) and later on defeated Incas (Francisco Pizarro) Aztec rivals helped in defeat of Aztecs

Guns, germs, and steel responsible for...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • United States History Notes Essay
  • Notes Essay
  • notes Essay
  • Notes Essay
  • notes Essay
  • notes Essay
  • Notes Essay
  • The Note Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free