Updated: 19 October 2012
Important: This document is meant for use as a guide only.
To avoid losing marks, confirm the referencing requirements of your School with your Lecturer, and consult the Style manual for authors, editors and printers (2002) on which this document is based for clarification and additional examples.
Style manual for authors, editors and printers 2002, 6th edn, John Wiley & Sons, Milton, Qld.
Note: Business students should use the RMIT Business style NOT the general Harvard style.
In-text references- examples
It is argued that... (Carroll 2012).
Carroll (2012) argues that…
‘A major criticism of business is that it abuses its power’ (Carroll 2012, p. 26).
Carroll (2012, p. 26) argues that ‘a major criticism of business is that it abuses its power’.
Two or three authors
It is suggested that…(Cabrera & Unruh 2012). Note: Use of ampersand (&).
Kuratko, Goldsby and Hornsby (2012) suggest that…
Four or more authors
It is recommended that… (Chalkley et al. 2012).
Chalkley et al. (2012) recommend that…
It has been shown that…(eds Lubkin & Larsen 2013). Note: If only one editor, use “ed.”
…edited by Lubkin and Larsen (2013).
More than one citation is provided in your sentence
List all citations alphabetically, with a semi-colon (;) to separate them.
It has been claimed that… (Carroll 2012; Chalkley et al. 2012; Kuratko, Goldsby & Hornsby 2012).
This is when you refer to the work of one author cited by another.
In the Reference List, refer to the author of the book, not the cited work. For instance, in the example below, Hosany & Martin 2012 would be in the Reference List.
It is believed that... (Heath & Scott, cited in Hosany & Martin 2012).
Heath and Scott (cited in Hosany & Martin 2012) believe that...