NounsWords that identify a person, idea or thing.woman, tree, love, city, computer ‘Naming’ words
| Types of noun Common: refers to things in general friendship, dog, night, road, education Proper: a specific person/place/thing Edinburgh, Asia, Clare, Tuesday, Big Ben Concrete: something that exists physically dog, road, Asia, Big Ben, computer Abstract: intangible idea love, friendship, education, time Collective: groups of people or things audience, team, family, class
| AdjectivesWords that are used to modify nouns.small, quick, annoying, beautiful‘Modifying’ words
| Using adjectives Placed before a noun: I have brown hair. It was an interesting book. Placed after a link verb: This cake is delicious. The snow feels cold.
| VerbsWords that express the actions of a person or thing.run, breathe, grow, have, be ‘Doing’ words
| Using verbs to describe… Actions: She is laughing. Events: It rained for days. Situations: We had a lovely time. Change: Children grow up quickly.
| AdverbsGives information about a verb, adjective or another adverb.clearly, soon, hopefully, there, really
| Using adverbs to describe… How something happens: We watched the match hopefully. When something happens: The film will be starting soon. Where something happens: We will set up the stage over there.
| PronounsUsed in place of a noun that is already known.I, you, we, her, mine, them, ours
| Types of pronoun Subjective: subjects of verbs I, you, we, he, she, it, they Objective: objects of verbs/prepositions me, you, us, him, her, it, them Possessive: refer to something owned mine, yours, hers, his, ours, theirs Reflexive: refer back to subject of clause myself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves
| ConjunctionsUsed to connect phrases, clauses and sentences.and, because, if, but, or, until‘Joining’ words. Also called ‘connectives’
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