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Approximately how much has the average life expectancy in the United States increased since 1900? Answer
| a.| 45 years |
| b.| 30 years|
| c.| 15 years|
| d.| 5 years|
| | |
| | |

When one looks at the heart, blood vessels, lungs and respiratory tract as the locus of death on is using which of the following approaches to determine death Answer
| a.| Irreversible loss of the soul from the body|
| b.| Irreversible loss of the capacity for bodily integration| | c.| Irreversible loss of flow of vital fluids|
| d.| Irreversible loss of consciousness or social interaction|

According to Erikson’s description of developmental eras in the human life cycle, during adolescence children experience a conflict between Answer
| a.| Industry and inferiority|
| b.| Trust v. mistrust|
| c.| Autonomy v. shame and doubt|
| d.| Identity and role confusion|
What does the theme danse macabre mean?
Answer
| a.| Dance of Death|
| b.| Artistic Death|
| c.| Dance of Happiness|
| d.| Black Death|
Changing attitudes toward death are reflected in the trend toward Answer
| a.| including young children in the funeral ritual. |
| b.| funerals drawn out over several days.|
| c.| traditional and elaborate funeral rituals.|
| d.| swift and inexpensive disposition of the body.|
There has been a lot of changes over the past 100 years in regards to death and dying. The practices and rituals have changed over time NINETEENTH CENTURY| PRESENT| Vigils| Growth of the mortuary|

Young children were expected to attend funerals| 80% of deaths occur in institutional settings (hospitals)| Intermingling of generations was a normal part of life| Geographic mobility has lessen our familiarity with death| People lived comparatively shorter lives| Caskets are purchased| Bodies were prepared by family members| People are observers rather than participants at funeral| Death was intimate and hands on| Increase use of euphemisms e.g. succumbed|  

Life expectancy and mortality rates * There has been a dramatic increase in life expectancy (30 years). Our life span

has also increased and many people are living past 65 * White females = 80.4 years  Black females = 76.5    * White males = 75.7      Black males =69.8 * 1900 – 4% population lived to age 65+ * Today – 13% population live to age 65+| | | Entertainment programs in contemporary media tend to distort portrayals of death because they use Answer

| a.| Impossible situations|
| b.| Realism and individuation|
| c.| All of these|
| d.| Selectivity and fantasization|
During ________ period death was no longer something to be contemplated only in the realm of the sacred. It became an event that could be manipulated Answer
| a.| 1100-1500|
| b.| 1700-1900|
| c.| 500-1100|
| d.| 1500-1700|
Characteristic of the concrete operational stage is the use of Answer
| a.| regressive tendencies. |
| b.| logical thinking.|
| c.| emotional control.|
| d.| motor abilities.|
The “coffin bell-pull device” demonstrated concern over determining death by Answer
| a.| Brain activity|
| b.| Destruction of the cerebral cortex|
| c.| None of these|
| d.| Only breathing and heartbeat|
Autopsies are performed for all the following reasons EXCEPT Answer
| a.| To determine whether a genetic or infectious condition caused death| | b.| To allow the deceased person to look presentable for the viewing at the funeral| | c.| To satisfy legal or official requirements of a coroner’s or medical examiner’s investigation into a questionable death| | d.| To help resolve questions about malpractice|

During the Romantic era, a “beautiful death” was characterized by Answer
| a.| family deathbed scenes to aid the dying in accepting the inevitability of death| | b.| technology that...
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